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Transcript of Feathered Shield
Period 4 Purpose of the Shield How was the artifact used? Civilization Similar to what? Civilization Summary The shield was only granted to the highest ranking warriors in the the eagle and jaguar classes. As they ranked up and became more skilled in battle, the design on the shield would change. The Eagle and Jaguar warriors would capture, but not kill, people during battle. Those people then were sacrificed to the Gods. The shield is like a medal or ceremonial sword given to those in the army. They have to train hard and they start out as almost nothing. They also have ranks nowadays so you can be soldier or a general. The feathered shield was granted to high-ranking Aztecs who trained at a young age. They then became eagle or jaguar warrior by capturing people during battle. The warriors were highly respected and were granted land as a reward. The shield is like swords or medals given to people in the army and those people both have to train. Materials Military shields were made of plated palm leaves, woven cane, split bamboo, double cotton backings, cactus fiber, and then covered in feathers. The cuauhchimalli was made of wood and then covered in feathers. The Eagle and Jaguar warriors used this shield during battle. Feathers were a way to show wealth. As they "ranked up" the design on the shield would change as well as the feathers on the shield. Sources "The Aztec Feather Shield in Vienna: Problems of Conservation." Nuevo Mundo Mundos Nuevos - Nouveaux mondes mondes nouveaux - Novo Mundo Mundos Novos - New world New worlds. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://nuevomundo.revues.org/1447>. "Chimalli." Welcome to Mexicolore. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/artefacts/chimalli>. "Mexicolore." Welcome to Mexicolore. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2013. <http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/ask-us/aztec-shields>. "Aztec Warriors | Ancient Aztec Warriors | Eagle and Jaguar Warriors." Ancient Warriors | Ancient Weapons | Big Cats | Mythological Greek Creatures | Ancient History. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. <http://www.legendsandchronicles.com/ancient-warriors/aztec-warriors/>. <http://www.legendsandchronicles.com/ancient-warriors/aztec-warriors/>.
Cóttrill, Jaime . "Aztec Warriors." Aztec History. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2013. <http://www.aztec-history.com/aztec-warriors.html>. •"World Book Encyclopedia Online, Reference Books Set & Kids Education." World Book Encyclopedia Online, Reference Books Set & Kids Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2013. <http://www.worldbook.com/world-book-explains/item/471-did-the-aztecs-really-practice-human-sacrifice?wbredirect=1&Itemid=155>. Cóttrill, Jaime . "Aztec Warriors." Aztec History. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2013. <http://www.aztec-history.com/aztec-warriors.html>. Boys in the empire would usually get a good education. The studied astronomy, rhetoric, poetry, history, and religion. There would also be actual training on the battle field. The boy would become a man at the age of seventeen and had to start in the lower ranks in the war if he were a commoner. When they capture their first prisoner, they become a real Aztec warrior. As they rank up, the men would wear costumes representing what kind of warrior that they were (jaguar or eagle). This proves that the Aztecs battled very often for land and they had many different rankings for battle. One of the most important rewards for the Aztecs was land and they could raise a family and the son could inherit the land. The warriors were highly respected people and were able to be involved in politics. They also were able to access food reserved for the high ranking people on a daily basis. The Aztecs believed human sacrifice was necessary because they considered all living things as gifts from the gods. When the people were sacrificed, they were turned into living representatives for the gods. Worshipers often ate portions of the victim's flesh because they thought that their bravery would be passed onto them. Most victims were prisoners of war or slaves. Similarities vs. Differences Shield
Made of Feathers
Given to warriors
You had to capture people to get the shield after many years of training THEN NOW Given medals
Train and not kill to rank up