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TOK Presentation (Euthanasia)

Edna Ferreira, Atithya Ghai & Yuuka Benedetta
by

Atithya Ghai

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of TOK Presentation (Euthanasia)

WAYS OF KNOWING
EMOTION
AND
REASON
Arguments against
Defining a civilized society’ is through it’s respect for human life
- Christopher Pyne



“Quality versus Quantity” of human life
TOK QUESTION:
WHO IS AFFECTED IN THE PROCESS?
TOK PRESENTATION
WAYS OF KNOWING
EMOTION
REASON
Emotional vs. Logical Perspective
People have different perspectives on euthanasia due to
personal relationship with the patient
financial stability
time of life
general attitude and personality of people
THE ISSUE OF TECHNOLOGY
EUTHANASIA
DEFINITION OF EUTHANASIA
TYPES OF EUTHANASIA
REAL LIFE SITUATION
WHY EUTHANASIA?
TO WHAT EXTENT IS EUTHANASIA ETHICALLY AND RELIGIOUSLY JUSTIFIABLE?
AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE
ETHICS
RELIGION
OPTIMISTIC VS. PESSIMISTIC
PERSPECTIVES
originally Greek = Eu + Thanatos = easy death
euphemism for "mercy killing"


the act of killing someone painlessly (especially someone suffering from an incurable illness)

death is a natural occurrence
can't control when one is born but can decide when you die
take away your suffering
religious aspect: one with God, death is the beginning of eternal peace
existential crisis- is life worth living if there's nothing to live for?
only be suffering and pain
burden to the family
Voluntary: with patient's consent
Involuntary: without patient's consent
Vincent Lambert, France
controversy
2008 road accident
deep coma
tetraplegic
wife and doctors wanted to perform passive euthanasia, i.e. cut off - permissible by law
religious parents against it, case taken to court
PATIENTS
FAMILY
DOCTORS
to end the suffering and pain
to die in a dignified and honorable manner
to stop being a burden and stop feeling helpless, and worthless
watching the deterioration of their loved one is a horrible experience
asked to make tough decisions
under many pressures
financial - "Is it worth it to keep them alive?"
active or passive?
time could be spent on other treatable patients
wants to end the suffering of a terminally ill individual
As we experience advances in the medical field, it becomes more likely that cures and better treatments will be created.

It is too late for a euthanized patient to have these treatments.. Should we not euthanize anyone? There is a possibility that they could live through it!
WE SHOULD GIVE EVERYONE A FAIR CHANCE OF SURVIVAL.

THE FUTURE IS FULL OF UNCERTAINTY!
REASON VS. EMOTION?
LIBERTARIAN POV
when something does not violate anyone's rights and is at everyone's best interest = morally acceptable
human's make mistakes - people are sometimes wrong about themselves
euthanasia can have a huge impact on society's behavior and thought process, should not be left as a private matter
ETHICS - EUTHANASIA
THE RIGHT TO DIE
LIBERTARIAN POV
DIGNITY & RESPECT
THE RIGHT TO DIE
violating human rights and personal freedom- imposition
the duty of doctors and their right to help their patients
organ harvesting - utilitarian perspective
DIGNITY & RESPECT
respecting life = universal moral value
make the most of our lives instead of figuring out how to end them
do not end life because it seems like the best thing, respect yourself and others around you
pain, suffering, body deterioration = a loss of dignity for the patient
their family and friends will watch them waste away
"being alive" =/= "living"
RELIGION
“The God of the Old Testament is arguably the most unpleasant character in all of fiction. Jealous and proud of it; a petty, unjust unforgiving control-freak; a vindictive, bloodthirsty ethnic-cleanser; a misogynistic homophobic racist,… genocidal..."
- Richard Dawkins
Reasoning of Religion
Emotion: pain of losing a loved one, wanting them to live on to be with you - ends up being out of selfishness

Reason: being able to financially support, weighing pros and cons, considering future possibilities
individual right to chose between life and death
death = no more pain and suffering
removes the financial pressure that the family might face due to the medical bills (for keeping their loved one alive)
religion: life is a valuable gift from God(s) and should not be taken away
loved ones do not want to loosethe individual (vice versa)
tragic occurence
What if you can save the lives of five others if you die? What happens to your right to choose?
Passive: letting die
Active: "killing"
KI: Who has the power/authority to terminate a human life?
KI: What is a human life worth?
KI: How can it be decided that a life should be terminanted?
MONA LATOUR
Diagnosed with COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Only a supernatural being is allowed to take life away
Religion lack consistency
Killing someone is not ‘natural’
Sue Rodriguez
Mother
Lou Gehrig's disease
Her muscles would, one by one, waste away until the day came when, fully conscious, she would choke to death
Courts refused euthanasia
February 1994, Doctor broke a law
Unnecessary euthanasia or killings may occur
‘Oregon Paradox’
Language should be clearer
- laws that are written to legalize only if presence of a government official
Legalize Euthanasia
CONCLUSION
difficult and controversial topic
benefits
end suffering
secure financial stability
negative aspects
playing the system
technological and medical advancements
THANK YOU!
Full transcript