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Ch 1 Review
Transcript of Ch 1 Review
Where did most southerns live in the mid 1850s?
Farms and Small Towns
In what region were most of the large cities by 1850s?
What was the North's view on slavery by 1850s?
Most Northern states had outlawed slavery
Which of the following describes slavery's
role in the Southern economy?
Slavery was profitable
What are ways that slaves resisted slavery?
holding back on work
pretending to be sick
What means did Harriet Tubman and others
use to help slaves reach freedom?
Helping slaves escape through the Underground Railroad
How did free African Americans in the North feel?
They lived in fear of losing their freedom
Why were people mad about the Supreme Court's
decision in the Dred Scott case?
The Court said African Americans had no rights
How did Lincoln and Stephen Douglas feel about slavery?
Lincoln opposed slavery but Douglas thought
slavery had its place
Why did Southern states secede from the Union?
They wanted to preserve their
way of life. They believed in states
What officially started the Civil War?
The Battle at Fort Sumter
What did the North hope to
achieve by fighting the Civil War?
They wanted to bring the Union together
as one country again and end slavery altogether.
During 1820 to 1850 the U.S. grew by adding more territory.
Why did this also create problems that led to the Civil War?
It raised the question of whether or not slavery would
be allowed to spread to the new territories
What was another major issue that led to the War Between the States?
States having more power than
the national government
How was the economy of the South different
from the North before the Civil War?
Much of the South depended on slave labor
for agriculture. The South's economy was
dependent on slavery.
About _______ of the southern farmers owned slaves
What was Harriet Tubmans contribution
to African Americans?
She was an escaped slave and became a conductor
on the Underground Railroad, leading more than 300
slaves to freedom
Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe
She wrote the book "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
which described the real horrors of slavery
Who was the abolitionist who led attacks on pro-slavery
people in Kansas and on a raid at Harper's Ferry?
Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired?
Fort Sumter, South Carolina
Why did the Confederate forces
fire the first shots of the Civil war?
The North was given one day to surrender
a military site in the South and did not
make the deadline
Why did Southern states fear the outlawing of slavery?
Slavery was profitable for the Southern economy
The goods an enslaved person brought in at least
twice as much money as the cost of owning a slave
Give three details about the Underground Railroad and why
it was successful.
It was an organized, secret system
whites and African Americans helped
slaves escape to the North or Canada
What was the underlying issue with the Missouri Compromise? Was it successful or not?
It was intended to balance the power of free states and slave states.
It was successful for awhile because it maintained the balance by
allowing one free state and one slave state to enter the Union at the
Why do you think Jefferson Davis thought it was important to capture Fort Sumter?
Jefferson Davis knew that the Northern forces
would be a "powerful opposition" to the Confederacy.
The Confederacy had already taken control of most
forts and military property in the South, but Fort Sumter
was still under Union control and could be used as a threat.