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TRIBES OF MESOAMERICA
Transcript of TRIBES OF MESOAMERICA
Mayan Civilization (
writing system; hieroglyphics.
made from bark.
365 day calendar
Achievements of the Mayans
(Traded corn, squash and beans for feathers, honey and cocoa).
Gave up portion of their food to the govt.
(Food tax to govt)
Loss of trade routes brought their decline
(Loss of trade roads --> no mayans).
They live in Peru
in the Andes Mountains.
along the Pacific coast of Africa.
They had a
strong central Govt
of the Mayans
The Aztecs had Chinampas which were
, which were made by taking soil from the bottom of the lake and adding it to tied plant fabric.
They had a traditional economy that was
based on agriculture and trade.
divided between the ruler, nobles, priests, merchants, artisans, peasants, and slaves.
Influence on Geography
The mountains and streams were a good
source of fresh water,
since it was a moist climate.
Main Gods were Itzamná, Kukulcán, Bolon, Tzacab and Chac.
Practiced astronomy, divination and
Had large burials for royalty.
Worshiped in stone pyramid temples.
Economic System and Belief System
They had one of the
that stretched more than 12,000 miles
They had their engineers to design the
Temple of Sun
in Cuzco (the capital city). It still stands today and has survived centuries of earthquakes and hard weathering.
Their physicians performed
to treat injuries.
record keeping s
ystems using colored knotted string called Quipas used for
, keeping statistics , and recording dates and events.
They had suspension
and used stone walls to support them.
The Aztecs had a traditional economy. They bartered and
traded goods, especially agriculture goods.
Incas Road System, Quipas, The Temple of the Sun, terrace farming, and suspension bridge.
The Aztecs believed in
They believed that the sun, moon, and planet Venus held religious meanings.
They built large and unique temples, and they made roads so that they could trade.
They also invented chewing gum, chocolate, and popcorn.
Influences of Mayan Geography
February and May were very dry, hot and uncomfortable.
Southern region of the peninsula was covered in rain forests, swamps and savannas.
Northern region was mostly forests with small thorny trees.
http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/global/global.cfm Golden Ages
https://sites.google.com/site/mysshw/ Mayan Culture
http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/exhibits/aztec/maya_social.html Aztec and Mayan Law
What are two achievements the Incas?
True or false the Incas had a strong central government?
Who do you think invented popcorn Mayans, Incas or Aztecs?
Theme of lecture:
Who were the Incas?
Mayan Climate was all over the place because it was a big civilization:dry, swamps, and forests.
In your notes:
a) Leaders became leaders because of family and friend connections ("nepotism")
b) Mayans always separate states
c) Had checks and balances: ruler + military + council +foreign advisors, all separate powers/ppl.
In Notes: Like Egypt: had pyramids for kings.
Create a Ven Diagram
Smaller area of land
System of Govt
Inventions we use today
Invented systems for numbers/record keeping