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TRIBES OF MESOAMERICA

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Mrs Roth

on 10 September 2017

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Transcript of TRIBES OF MESOAMERICA

Incas Geography
Mesoamerican civilizations
Mayan Civilization (
300-900CE.)
Developed a
writing system; hieroglyphics.
Books
made from bark.
A
365 day calendar
.
Concept of
zero.
Built
step pyramids
.
Large
palaces
and pyramids.
Achievements of the Mayans

Mayan
Economic System
Traded
in
agriculture
(Traded corn, squash and beans for feathers, honey and cocoa).
Gave up portion of their food to the govt.
(Food tax to govt)

Loss of trade routes brought their decline
(Loss of trade roads --> no mayans).

Aztec Empire
1100-1521.
Central America.
1400's.
They live in Peru
in the Andes Mountains.
They
conquered
an
empire

along the Pacific coast of Africa.
Incas
Government
They had a
strong central Govt
.
Social Culture
of the Mayans
The Aztecs had Chinampas which were
man-made islands
, which were made by taking soil from the bottom of the lake and adding it to tied plant fabric.
Incas
Economy
They had a traditional economy that was
based on agriculture and trade.
Society was
divided between the ruler, nobles, priests, merchants, artisans, peasants, and slaves.
Influence on Geography
Incas
Inventions

The mountains and streams were a good
source of fresh water,
since it was a moist climate.
Mayan
Belief System
Polytheism
.
Main Gods were Itzamná, Kukulcán, Bolon, Tzacab and Chac.
Practiced astronomy, divination and
human sacrifices.
Had large burials for royalty.
Worshiped in stone pyramid temples.
Economic System and Belief System
They had one of the
first road

systems
that stretched more than 12,000 miles
They had their engineers to design the
Temple of Sun
in Cuzco (the capital city). It still stands today and has survived centuries of earthquakes and hard weathering.
Their physicians performed
surgery
to treat injuries.
They had
record keeping s
ystems using colored knotted string called Quipas used for
accounting
, keeping statistics , and recording dates and events.
They had suspension
bridges
They had
terrace farming
and used stone walls to support them.
The Aztecs had a traditional economy. They bartered and
traded goods, especially agriculture goods.
Incas Road System, Quipas, The Temple of the Sun, terrace farming, and suspension bridge.
The Aztecs believed in
Mythology.
They believed that the sun, moon, and planet Venus held religious meanings.
Aztec Achievements
They built large and unique temples, and they made roads so that they could trade.
They also invented chewing gum, chocolate, and popcorn.
Influences of Mayan Geography

February and May were very dry, hot and uncomfortable.
Southern region of the peninsula was covered in rain forests, swamps and savannas.
Northern region was mostly forests with small thorny trees.
http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/global/global.cfm Golden Ages

https://sites.google.com/site/mysshw/ Mayan Culture

http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/exhibits/aztec/maya_social.html Aztec and Mayan Law


Incas
What are two achievements the Incas?
True or false the Incas had a strong central government?
Who do you think invented popcorn Mayans, Incas or Aztecs?
Exit Ticket
True Aztecs
Theme of lecture:
Who were the Incas?
Mayan Climate was all over the place because it was a big civilization:dry, swamps, and forests.
In your notes:
a) Leaders became leaders because of family and friend connections ("nepotism")
b) Mayans always separate states
c) Had checks and balances: ruler + military + council +foreign advisors, all separate powers/ppl.
In Notes: Like Egypt: had pyramids for kings.
THE INCAS
Create a Ven Diagram
Maya:

Smaller area of land
365 Calendar
Invented Zero
Inca:

Accounting
Terrace Farming
Huge empire
Surgery
Suspension Bridges

System of Govt
Agrarian Society
Traded
Inventions we use today
Invented systems for numbers/record keeping
http://viewpure.com/4rMJshG4Od0?start=0&end=0
Full transcript