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The American Dream

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Chiara V

on 21 April 2016

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Transcript of The American Dream

Structure
Definition "American Dream"
American Core Values
History of the American Dream
Criticism
Examples of "American Dreamers"
Obama's Dream
Myth or Reality?
Summary/Conclusion
The Dream in Literature
Sources
Definition
"From rags to riches"
History
American Core Values
Critisism
Examples of "American Dreamers"
Sources
pictures:
http://vitendo4africa.org/wp-content/uploads/EasyRotatorStorage/user-content/erc_38_1374033832/content/assets/LivingtheDreamCircle-0.jpg
http://cdn1.theodysseyonline.com/files/2016/01/08/6358781206966222851139854031_american_way.jpg
http://palominoroad.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/25141500-1207861989.gif
http://f.tqn.com/y/webclipart/1/S/m/y/4/Lady-Liberty.png
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-clOPRL1m8zw/UHazOa4bfcI/AAAAAAAABck/UwCNn9n4JSI/s1600/red+white+blue+eagle.bmp
http://irlusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Ellis-Island-Irish-Ships-to-America.jpg
http://www.tailormadepensions.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/uncle-sam.jpg
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e9/Official_portrait_of_Barack_Obama.jpg
https://media.licdn.com/mpr/mpr/p/5/005/091/184/0cae11d.jpg
https://qph.is.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-0c9e8d625ed6bd24e5770848cb1df840?convert_to_webp=true
The American Dream
by Chiara Velten
"Everyone has the right and the same chance to achieve their goals and gain glory and prosperity* if they work hard enough."
"It's called the American Dream, because you have to be asleep to believe it." - George Carlin
*prosperity: to have success/ be wealthy
freedom
freedom of speech, opinion, religion and faith
individuality
self-reliance, self-discipline, self-sufficiency and independence
pragmatism
belief in progress and endless resources
work ethics
hard work and dedication are the key to success
optimism
anything is possible
equality
society ideally treats everyone equally
patriotism
"I am proud to be American."
discovery -> curiosity
1621
: mayflower with first settlers (gold, god, glory)
1776
: Declaration of Independence, unalienable rights "..Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
1776-1783
: Revolutionary war, "frontier spirit"
19th century
: westward movement, manifest destiny
1865
: end of civil war, slavery abolished
1892-1954
: 12 million immigrants through Ellis Island
1918
: voting righs for women
1920s
: Dream was materialized, -> greed* made Dream unattainable*
1929
: stock market crash + Great Depression
1960s
: "salad bowl" instead of "melting pot"
Arnold Schwarzenegger


John D. Rockefeller


Oprah Winfrey
web sources:
http://www.npr.org/2012/05/30/153994202/obamas-own-story-defines-his-american-dream
http://useconomy.about.com/od/grossdomesticproduct/a/What-Is-The-American-Dream.htm
http://mankel.free.fr/AmericanDream/historical_overview.html
http://useconomy.about.com/od/grossdomesticproduct/fl/What-Is-the-American-Dream-Today.htm
Obama's Dream
- "clever political and economical marketing strategy"
- superficial and meaningless
- gap between rich and poor
- overly materialistic, spiritually empty
- discrimination, poverty, violence still present
- racial and ethnic minorities still struggle
- poverty does not equal laziness
- wealth does not equal happiness
-hypocrisy*, corruption, surpression
http://www2.klett.de/sixcms/media.php/229/ME3_FF_SH.pdf
http://www.lmg.pf.bw.schule.de/faecher/englisch/landeskunde/page3/page3.html
http://people.howstuffworks.com/american-dream2.htm
http://www.epi.org/publication/ib239/
http://www.monografias.com/trabajos87/the-philosophy-of-the-american-dream/the-philosophy-of-the-american-dream.shtml
https://www.newdream.org/blog/2011-06-what-is-the-american-dream-dueling-dualities-in-the
http://www.thestreet.com/story/11173382/7/10-people-living-the-american-dream.html
http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-westwardexpansion.html
http://edition.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/12/21/obama.trans.americandream/
http://www.monografias.com/trabajos87/the-philosophy-of-the-american-dream/the-philosophy-of-the-american-dream.shtml
videos:


https://www.youtube.com/watch?vv=U6GjNFvLk2M
literature:
"The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Summit G8, Schöningh
"Mein Amerika" by Bill Bryson

poor family -> America's first business superstar
Standard Oil company
net worth 10% of the nation's GDP*
*GDP = gross domestic product, Bruttoinlandsprodukt
other hardships than just poverty
personal wealth today: 3 billion dollars
rough childhood -> goal to move to America
gained worldwide fame through bodybuilding, acting, politics
young African America from broken family -> graduates Columbia and Harvard Law
starts the American dream family
elected to Illinois Senate
U.S. Senate
Presidency
wants equal opportunity for all
build schools, support poor families
only possible in the USA
-> balance between self-interest and
community
1980s
: Ronald Reagan as president, revived economy
1993-2001:
economy boost under Presidency of Bill Clinton
1996
: cutback in welfare aid - less people on welfare first woman secretary of state
2009
: Barack Obama appointed as the 44th president of the United States
2015
: same sex marriage legalized



Myth or Reality?

Conclusion
*greed: intense, selfish desire for sth.
*unattainable: impossible to achieve
The Dream in Literature
The Great Gatsby
by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Death of a Salesman
by Arthur Miller
The catcher in the rye
by J.D. Salinger
Of Mice and Men
by John Steinbeck
Revolutionary Road
by Richard Yates
We are not ourselves
by Matthew Thomas
American Dream promises happiness, wealth and glory to those who work hard
American Spirit developed through centuries
first settlers overcame all obstacles -> everything is possible
criticized for hypocrisy, surpression, inequality
gap between rich and poor is increasing
tied to money and prosperity
Obama sees the Dream in danger
*hypocrisy: Heuchelei
Full transcript