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Harry S. Truman Report Card Project

How well Harry S. Truman did in each of his presidential roles
by

Brooke Sobolewski

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Harry S. Truman Report Card Project

Harry S. Truman
Report Card Project

By: Brooke Sobolewski Table of Contents 1. Grading System
2. Background
3. Head of State
4. Commander in Chief
5. Chief Legislator
6. Chief Diplomat
7. Chief Citizen
8.Chief Executive
9. Crisis Manager
10. Chief of Party
11. Guardian of the Economy
12. Overall Grade
13. Bibliography Grading system A: Outstanding B: Good C: Below Average F: Failing Background -Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri in 1184
-Farmer for 12 years
-Captain in the Field Artillery in Fance during WWI
-Came home, married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace and opened a haberdashery in Kansas City
-Became Active in the Democratic Party
-Elected judge of the Jackson County Court in 19+34
-1934 he became a Senator
-Headed the Senate war investigation committee during WWII
-1945 became vice president, shortly after he became president Head of State -Lacked speaking skills. Described as relaxed and folksy
-However, the public could relate to his hard work and honest behavior
-He was rarely seen in public
-Lacked FDR's people skills
-His most famous speech was the one regarding the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
-Often attacked Republicans in his speeches. Had a hard time getting legislation passed because both houses were controlled by the Republicans. Chief Diplomat -Postdam Conference (Berlin Conference): USA, UK, and USSR met to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany
-North Atlantic Treaty 1949: Us concludes its first peacetime military alliance. Assured military assistance against possible aggression from the Soviet Union
-His work with foreign policy helped shape similar principles that formed the American foreign policy used in the twentieth century
-wanted to stop the spread of communism Chief Legislator -Congress formed voting blocs
-nicknamed the "Do Nothing Congress"
-Congress was skeptical of Truman because he wasn't supposed to be the President but Roosevelt died
-His legislative agenda included his "Fair Deal" but it was not well received by Congress
-Only one of the bills within the "Fair Deal" was passed- the Housing Act of 1949
-The "Fair Deals" was meant to provide aid to education, universal health insurance, FEPC and repeal the Taft- Harley Act.
-Republicans led both houses which differed from Truman's party affiliation and led to virtually nothing being passed.
-250 vetos Commander in Chief -August 6, 1945 US drops the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan
-August 9, 1945 Us drops the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan
-August 14, 1945 Japan surrenders and ends WWII
-February 2, 1948 Truman desegregated the armed forces
-June 26, 1948 Truman orders the airlifting of supplies into west Berlin
-January 31, 1950 Truman says the US will develop a hydrogen bomb
-June 30, 1950 Truman says he ordered ground forces to be stationed in Japan and Korea
-April 11, 1951 Truman fires the General of the Army, Douglas MacArthur
-Truman did not seek a formal declaration of war from Congress regarding the Korean War Chief of Party -Midterm election 1946 showed a weak democratic party that lost seats. Both the House and Senate were controlled by the Republican Party for the first time since 1928. This decreased his chance of reelection.
-Tried to keep the south in the democratic party by changing to have a rhetorical view of civil rights but lost the support of the south regardless.
-Truman was rarely seen in public but had a few key speeches. Chief Executive -Created the National Security Council and CIA which increased the national security apparatus
-He wanted to expand presidential war powers which was good during his time because it quickened the response time to the war but it left out the opinions of Congress.
-He was a respectful and tactful leader
-Kept FDR's cabinet while he got settled into office
-Led his staff by hierarchy
-Increased government intervention in the economy Chief Citizen -Truman tried his best to lead in the public's best interest. However, he wasn't extremely fond of the public
-Truman made very few public appearances
-He did however, pass the GI Bill which provided assistance to veterans for college and to buy homes
-Truman increased the minimum wage to 75 cents per hour
-His attempted pass of the "Fair Deal" had good intentions, but didn't pass Guardian of the Economy -Unemployment and inflation rose during the first sixth months. This led to an increased fear the the nation's post-war economic boom was over
-Due to inflation, Truman tried to fix the budget by increasing taxes and reducing spending, but he failed
-His failure led him to give tax breaks to businesses in 1949. The Economy responded and emerged in 1950.
-The Employment Act of 1946 helped the unemployed Overall Grade B Harry at his wedding Harry's hometown GRADE: B- GRADE: C atomic bomb Truman nicknamed his Congress the "Do Nothing Congress Examples of how he effected foreign policy: -National Security Act of 1947 made the institutions that the president used to form foreign policy and it also created the National Security Council
-Truman Doctrine stated that the Us would provide political, military, and economic assistance to all democratic nations that were under threat from either internal or external authoritarian forces
-Marshall Plan 1947 placed an economic foundation for recovery under war torn nations of Western Europe Truman Doctrine GRADE: A Examples of Key Speeches -May 8, 1945- surrender of Germany
-Aug 6, 1945- Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
-September 1, 1945- Japan surrenders WWII
-June 29,1947- Civil Rights Policy
-January 20, 1949- Inaugural Address
-January 15, 1953- Farewell Address Truman's Inaugural Address midterm election GRADE: F Truman signing the Employment Act GRADE: B GRADE: B GRADE: C Truman was forced into the Presidency and while he wasn't the best he worked hard to do what he thought was right during a very difficult period of history Crisis Manager -In response to the possible spread of communism through Turkey and Greece, Truman delivers the "Truman Doctrine" to help put a stop to it
- 1952 Steel Strike: Truman nationalizes the steel industry to put an end to the strike before it starts. However, the US Supreme Court says he didn't have the power to do so. 1952 steel strike GRADE: B- GRADE: B Truman wanted the "Fair Deal" passed but it never was. Bibliography -Caute, David. The Great Fear: The Anti-Communist Purge under Truman and Eisenhower. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978. Print.
-"Harry S. Truman Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2013.
-"Harry S. Truman." The White House. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2013.
-Lineberry, Robert L. Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy. Boston: Little, Brown, 1983. Print.
-Otfinoski, Steven. Harry S. Truman: America's 33rd President. New York: Children's, 2004. Print.
-"President Harry S. Truman's Fair Deal Proposal to a Joint Session of Congress." US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.
-""Word Has Just Been Received": Truman Speaks on the Railroad Strike." "Word Has Just Been Received": Truman Speaks on the Railroad Strike. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.
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