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ROMULUS & REMUS
Transcript of ROMULUS & REMUS
the beginning of Rome
The small village was increased by the Latini people who
migrated across the Alps to Italy to settle next to the Tiber River.
Originally called Latium, the location the Latini chose was good, it had warm weather, good soil, fresh water and was thriving by 500 BC.
Also living in Italy were the Etruscans in the north, the Sabines in the east and the Samnites in southern Italy.
the iron age
The Etruscans, Rome’s Northern neighbors were more technically advanced than the Latini and when they took control in 700 BC they taught them metal work, land drainage, road making, building and trade.
The Etruscans managed to turn Rome from a farming community into a powerful city.
the roman monarchy
In 753 Rome had become a monarchy, ruled by a king and queen who passed on their power through the bloodline.
Kings would be advised by the senate who were aristocrats that held land, a symbol of wealth.
The first king was Romulus who reigned from 753-717 and the last king was Tarquinius Superbus who reigned from 535-509 when Rome became a republic.
the roman empire
the roman Republic
Romulus and Remus were the twin brothers who founded the villiage that was the foundation for Rome Their father was said to have been Mars, the Roman God of war.
The brothers were abandoned as babies but where found by a she-wolf. Rather than killing the boys the she-wolf cared for them, helped by a woodpecker.
Both animals are sacred to Mars.
Later the boys had grown strong and found by a Sheppard and his wife.
when they were older the brothers decided to build a city on the banks of the river Tiber, where the she-wolf had found them.
during an argument Romulus killed Remus and named Rome after himself.
ROMULUS & REMUS
the spread of Christianity in
The roman republic began in 509 BCE and lasted for 482 years.
The republic was set up so no one person held all the power, instead there were consuls, the Senet and the assembly.
The assembly made the laws, the Senet approved them and the consuls supervised them.
At the same time there were two leaders who held equal power but both only served for a year.
The Romans also set up a constitution. The constitution was informal and mainly unwritten and constantly changing, mainly because of the struggle between the rich and poor Romans.
Between 500 and 300 BCE the roman republic’s territory grew from central Rome to the majority of the Mediterranean and in the next century it grew again, all the way from north Africa to southern France.
The PUNIC WARS
The Punic wars were three wars fought between Rome and Carthage
over a small island between them called Sicily. Carthage was a powerful state in
North Africa and the wars became a power struggle between Carthage and Rome.
The first Punic war was mainly fought in Sicily and Africa and went from 264-241 BCE Rome won and Gained Sicily. Carthage had to pay Rome huge compensation.
The second Punic war went from 218-201 BCE and is mostly
remembered for Hannibal, considered one of the greatest military
leaders of all time. His father was the head commander of the first Punic war. His most impressive
achievement was marching an army of 40,000 foot soldiers, 12,000 horsemen and 37 war elephants
across the Alps to take Rome by surprise.
Hannibal won that battle but didn’t take total control, Rome eventually won and Carthage was forced to give land to Rome as well as lose their right to a decent Navy and Army.
The Third Punic wars went from 149-146 BCE but this time Carthage was defenseless. Carthage tried to Surrender but Rome wouldn’t accept and kept provoking Carthage, the Battle that followed left Carthage burnt to the ground, all Carthaginian culture destroyed.
At its peak the Roman Empire’s territory was massive; it included Brittan, Spain, France, the Middle East, Greece and North Africa.The Romans imposed their way of life to the conquered lands but with the fall of the empire the Romans shrank back to Rome itself.
The incompetence of Emperor Commodus (180-192 AD) brought the Empire to a halt.
He was killed by his own ministers, starting another civil war, after which emperor Lucius Septimius Severus became Emperor.
During this time Rome was in near constant conflict, 22 emperors reigned and most were killed by their own soldiers. The reign of Diocletian (284-305) brought a temporary peace to Rome at the const of its unity; he shared his title of emperor with Maximus. The stability of Rome suffered greatly when Diocletian and Maximus retired.
Constantine emerged as the sole emperor of the newly unified Rome. In 325 AD he declared Christianity as Rome’s official language. 30 years after Constantine’s death the empire was split between the east and west and internal struggles lead to the empire’s fall in 476 AD.
The fact that Rome’s official religion became Christianity is quite ironic as the torture of Christians was a source of entertainment to previous Roman Emperors.
Christianity was declared the official religion by Emperor Constantine in 313 AD. For the first time they could worship openly without being arrested or tortured.