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The Effects Of Burning Oil For Fuel

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Aaliyah Darcel

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of The Effects Of Burning Oil For Fuel

The "Cost" of Extracting Oil To begin with, be it resolved that Canada should drastically reduce crude oil exploration, mining, transportation, use and export? To answer that one has to look at the positive and negative impacts that crude oil exploration, mining, transportation, use, export and burning oil for fuel has not only on the natural world, but economic and social areas. Before you ask what those impacts are you may not know what crude oil is. Crude oil is the term for"unprocessed" oil, the stuff that comes out of the ground. Crude oil is a fossil fuel that was naturally made from decaying plants and animals living millions of years ago. Fossil fuels are composed of coal, oil and natural gas all of which are important in providing people with much of their energy and electricity. Fossil fuels play an important part of our daily lives because we use them in many substances. Environmental Impacts: Introduction Crude Oil Exploration Mining Export Burning Oil for Fuel Pros: Oil is used to make fertilizers which help grow palnts.
Mining is important because minerals are major sources of energy as well as materials such as fertilizers and steel.
Another advantage of crude oil is their capacity to generate huge amounts of electricity in just a single location. Cons: A major impact on the environment is pollution. Burning oil releases carbon into the atmosphere and causes air pollution and global warming. When crude oil accidentally leaks into the natural world, as in case of an oil spill it destroys marine life, animal life, plant life and can alter fragile ecosystems.
Burning fossil fuel produces waste products due to impurities in the fuel. It produces various gases such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. The result is acid rain, smog and soot. Water sources are contaminated from acid rain. Contaminated water affects plants, animal life and human beings. Smog causes serious respiratory problems; the illness associated with soot include heart attacks, irregular heartbeat, asthma and premature death.
Crude oil is no-renewable which means that there is only so much crude oil under the earth’s surface available for drilling. Fossil fuels are limited and once they are gone they cannot be replaced.
Mining is generally very destructive to the environment. It is one of the main causes of deforestation. In order to mine, trees and vegetation are cleared and burned. The mining of coal results in the destruction of wide areas of land.
Mining and quarrying are noisy, and may use blasting techniques causing noise pollution and driving off wildlife. Pros: Cons: Much of the energy which drives the economy comes from oil, natural gas and coal. Main benefit of these sources is that they are relatively inexpensive to drill or mine for and are abundant right now.
Oil drilling provides a number of jobs and employment opportunities for economies. Industries like shipping and transportation benefit from oil drilling, and oil drilling also results in jobs in other industries.
Oil is widely distributed in almost all parts of the world at extremely low prices. Oil is transported to other places through ships, pipelines and tankers. This means oil is available throughout the world because it is easy and cheap to transport.
The income from export of oil is very important because it is providing part of our country's foreign exchange needs and a major part of government spending. Economic Effects: Oil is non-renewable and is running out. Although new oil deposits are being discovered every year, the amount does not equal to level or annual consumption. So the little that is left continues to rise in price.
Oil is drilled in some of the worst dictatorships. The oil money goes directly into the hands who give rise to violence and growth into terrorisms, this oil money is used to fund these organizations.
Mine closures result in sudden unemployment and loss of income, miners layoff causes additional job losses.
Oil also affects the economy becuase when there is an oil spill it costs a lot of money to clean up. Oil spills also cause considerable damage to many jobs in many industries including fisheries, tourism and shipbuilding. Social Effects: Pros:
The oil industry has been a source of much advanced technology and many new products that have changed our lives for the better.
Fossil fuels power our lifestyles. Oil, natural gas and coal provide lights, air conditioning, and electricity for homes; fuel for transportation and energy that powers all types of productions.
One of the substances we use oil is for medicine which helps people. Cons: Mining the fossil fuel is difficult and may endanger the lives of miners. Coal mining is considered one of the most dangerous jobs in the world.
Wars have been fought over oil, and it can be a very negative influence or relations between nations.
The people who are exposed to the toxic waste from the tailings (amount left behind) become sick. They develop skin rashes, headaches, vomitting, diarrhea etc. Conclusion To conclude,their are positive and negative impacts of extracting crude oil. If Canada drastically reduces crude oil exploration, mining, transportation, use and export it will effect the environment, social and economic areas in positive and negative ways. I think we should reduce crude oil exploration because even though we are very dependant on oil and we use it in many substances, at the same time burning oil for fuel is hurting not only the environment but also animal life, plant life and us humans. If we don't take care of our environment then who will? We can find an alternative to use for oil. Finidng something other than oil to use will help us because either ways one day we will run out of oil. Jobs will be loss if we rdeuce crude oil exploration but reducing means making less of something, so not all jobs will be lost. So these are the reasons why i think Canada shoud drastically reduce crude oil exploration. Air Pollution Global Warming Animal Life Marine Life Plant Life The End! I hope you enjoyed my presentation.
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