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Transcript of Teori Biophilia
Biophilia in Literature
biophilia as "the passionate love of life and of all that is alive; it is the wise to further growth, whether in a person, a plant, an idea, or a social group" (page 365)
biohilia as "the innate tendency to focus on life and lifelike processes" (page 1)
This book, to which Bill Browning and Bob Fox were contributing authors,
offers a paradigm shift in how we design and build our buildings and our communities
, one that recognizes that the positive experience of natural systems and processes in our buildings and constructed landscapes is critical to human health, performance, and well-being. Biophilic design is about humanity’s place in nature and the natural world’s place in human society, where mutuality, respect, and enriching relationships can and should exist at all levels and should emerge as the norm rather than the exception.
Biophilic design can reduce stress, enhance creativity and clarity of thought, improve our well-being and expedite healing; as the world population continues to urbanize, these qualities are ever more important. Theorists, research scientists, and design practitioners have been working for decades to define aspects of nature that most impact our satisfaction with the built environment.
“14 Patterns of Biophilic Design” articulates the relationships between nature, human biology and the design of the built environment so that we may experience the human benefits of biophilia in our design applications.
Biophilia in Context looks at the evolution of biophilic design in architecture and planning and presents a framework for relating the human biological science and nature. Design Considerations explores a sampling of factors (e.g., scale, climate, user demographics) that may influence biophilic design decisions to bring greater clarity to why some interventions are replicable and why others may not be. The Patterns lays out a series of tools for understanding design opportunities, including the roots of the science behind each pattern, then metrics, strategies and considerations for how to use each pattern. This paper moves from research on biophilic responses to design application as a way to effectively enhance health and well-being for individuals and society.
Our biology should dictate the design of the physical settings we inhabit.
As human beings, we need to connect with living structures in our environment. Designers thus face the task of better incorporating healing strategies into their work, using factors that contribute to the biophilic effect. 17th, 18th, 19th, and some 20th century architecture show the healing traits of biophilia. After that, architects ignored complex human responses to the built environment in their enthusiasm for the supposed mechanical efficiencies of the industrial approach to placemaking. Design that uses biophilia considers the inclusive, “bottom-up” processes needed to sustain our health. When ornament is coherent with the rest of a structure, it helps connect people to their environment, and creates a positive, healing atmosphere. Biophilia shows how our evolutionary heritage makes us experience buildings viscerally, and not as intellectualized abstractions. This thinking juxtaposes the focus on innovative form for its own sake with biophilic design.
Holistic Health Factors in the Workplace
Biophilia, Ergonomics and Exercise
Development and Validation of the Biophilic Attitude Inventory (BAI)
(Lawrence E. Letourneau)
An Investigation of the Effect of an Outdoor Orientation Program on Participant's Biophilic Expressions
(Nathan W. Meltzer)
Investigating Interactive Biophilic Desin In Interior Environments
An Inventory of Biophilic Design Attribute within Child Life Play Spaces
Identifying Opportunities and Constraints for the Implementation of Biophilic Design Patterns in UK Landscape Architecture
(Joseph Oliver Clancy)