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The Contributions of Native and African Canadians to WWI

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Gerald Bostock

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of The Contributions of Native and African Canadians to WWI

The Contribution
of Native and
African Canadians
to WWI African-Canadian
Contributions Native Contribution Native and African Canadians
Before and After the War What this did for the future of
African Canadians in warfare About the No. 2 Construction Battalion Leading up the Creation of the No.2 Construction Battalion Why Enlist? Native Battalions -Enlisting wasn't compulsory

-Loyalty to England as opposed
to Canada

-Valued the "Warrior" Blackfoot Saying:
"It is better for a man to be killed in battle than to die of old age or sickness." didn't -3,500 Native men enlisted

-500 Native men made up
the 107th battalion

- Company D of the 114th
battalion was comprised of
Iroquois men Native Canadians in the Home -government started to lease reserve land to non aboriginal farmers, and didn’t ask Aboriginals

-donated at least $44 000 to the military fund

-Native women helped as nurses

-there was lots of propaganda and
discrimination against natives Native Canadians Post-War -Were not given same post war benefits as other soldiers

-Hope that they would be treated better which was not the case

-Many soldiers spoke out against their treatment

-League founded - wanted to improve conditions on reserves African Canadians in the Home -turned away at recruitment offices

-wrote letter to protest black people not being able
to enlist

-very involved in World War 1

-racism was still a big problem

-Lieutenant-Colonel George W Fowler said: “I have been fortunate to have
secured a very fine class of recruits
and I did not think it fair to these men
that they should have to mingle with
Negroes” African Canadians Post-War -created No.2 Construction battalion in 1906

-weren't allowed to fight, but they dug
shelters and trenches

-1939-1945 was when black canadians were
accepted into WW1 -Lieutenant-Colonel George
W. Fowler On the Home Front -Agriculture

-Munitions

-Knitting

-Donations of over $44,545 Demsey, James. "Aboriginal Soldiers in the First World War Essay." Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Library and Archives Canada, 20 July 2006. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. Works Cited Thanks For Watching! William A White • Life before war...

• During the war...

• After the war/Death...

• Accomplishments Burrows, Petura. "History in Black & White : Canadaâs War Story." History in Black & White : Canadaâs War Story. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.excal.on.ca/main/history-in-black-white-canadas-war-story/>.


"CBC News In Depth: Aboriginal Canadians." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/aboriginals/aboriginals-military.html>.


Chaplin-Thomas, Charmion. "History - No. 2 Contruction Bn." CMEA. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cmea-agmc.ca/history_Pictou_e.asp>.


Dempsey, James. "Common Menu Bar Links." Essay. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/aboriginal-heritage/020016-4001-e.html>.


Levitt, Fern. "Captain of Souls: Rev. William White." Captain of Souls: Rev. William White. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. <http://www.whitepinepictures.com/seeds/iii/32/index.html>.


Propoganda poster. Digital image. World War 1 Propoganda Posters. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.ww1propaganda.com/world-war-1-posters/canadian-ww1-propaganda-posters>.


Winsor Mosaic. "World War 1." African Canadian Community. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.windsor-communities.com/african-military-warI.php>. Works Cited (cont'd)
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