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Congestive Heart Failure

Intro to Professional Nursing

Victoria Chan

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Congestive Heart Failure

Common Causes and Risk Factors of CHF Pathophysiology What is CHF?
CHF results from any structural or functional abnormality that impairs the ability of the ventricle to eject blood (Systolic Heart Failure) or to fill with blood (Diastolic Heart Failure). Signs and Symptoms Medical Diagnosis Tests and Procedures Treatments and Teaching Pharmaceutical
Treatments Edith Egbudiwe, Nidia Briseno, & Victoria Chan Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Weakened heart muscle
Heart Attack
Toxic Exposure
Prolonged (serious) Arrhythmias
Severe lung disease
Hypoxia (respiratory acidosis)
Mental confusion, anxiety, or restlessness
Weight gain
Fatigue/lethargy (weakness) Prolonged capillary refill (3 seconds)
Abdominal pain
Loss of appetite
Shortness of breath
Swelling of the lower legs or abdomen
When your heart is pumping weak, fluids can back up into your lungs, abdomen and legs. This causes you to become short of breath, tired, bloated and swollen. Patient Teaching Discharge medication regiments
Fluid restrictions
Activities of daily living & Exercise
No smoking or drug use
Available community services and referrals
Importants of staying up-to-date on doctor visits
Avoid infection
Self monitoring Captopril (Capoten)
Carvedilol (Coreg)
Furosemide (Lasix)
Digitalis (Digoxin) References: Beta Natriuretic Peptide (BNP)
Arterial Blood Gases (ABG's)
A decreased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
Echocardiography (ECHO)
Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Cardiac Catheterization
Pulmonary Artery Catheter The majority of the population at risk are patients about 65 years of age or older Classifications Class I: No limitations
Class II: Slight limitation
Class III: Marked limitation
Class IV: Severe limitation Family history
Physical inactivity Dr. Fahd. (n.d.). Clinical skills with dr. fahd. Retrieved from http://www.freewebs.com/drfahd/congestiveheartfailure.htm

Hudson, K. (2003). Congestive heart failure - 2 nursing ces. Retrieved from http://dynamicnursingeducation.com/class.php?class_id=130&pid=23

Putatunda, R. (2000). Buzzle: Congestive heart failure. Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/congestive-heart-failure.html

Mca:middletown cardiovascular associates. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.mcaheart.com/Office-Services/Congestive-Heart-Failure-Clinic.aspx
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