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Morphological Typology

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by

Felipe Garcia

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of Morphological Typology

Synthetic languages Presence of inflections through affixation. Isolating languages Lack of morphological processes. OMG, what is that!!?? Synthesis: from isolating to polysynthetic. Fusional languages Most European languages are somewhat fusional. Agglutinative languages Unlike fusional languages, affixes have only one single meaning, they do not become fused with others and they do not change form conditioned by others. Questions 3. What is the difference between creativity of language and inflectional language? In brief... Morphological
Typology Let's begin... Example: So far, so good? What the h... is an affix ? An affix is a word element that can be attached to a base or root to form a new word. Affixes are bound morphemes.

Examples: dislike, dogs, hardly OK, so what's a morpheme? A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of a language.
There are free morphemes and bound morphemes. Un kind ly Free
morpheme Bound
morpheme Bound
morpheme Example: Example: References... http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/578706/synthetic-language

http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Agglutinative_language.html

http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/morphology.html

http://www-01.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/index.htm

http://www.u5d.net/Linguistics/8-types-of-languages.html

http://grammar.about.com/od/mo/g/morphemeterm.htm

http://www-01.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAffixLinguistics.htm But first... let's explain what a morpheme is. Example: Combine affixes by 'squeezing' them together, making them difficult to identify. Fusional affixes can carry a single meaning or several, such as person, gender, number or case. The term comes from the Latin verb 'agglutinare', which means 'to glue together'. Most words in these languages are formed by joining morphemes together. 1. How would you classify, based on the exposition, the following languages: English, Spanish, French. 2. Opinion: which type of languages are the hardest to learn and why? Is the characterization of languages according to the extent in which words in the language are clearly divisible into individual morphemes. Languages can be classified according to their degree of: Also known as inflectional languages.
High morpheme-per-word ratio (>1:1).
Also called analytical languages.
Low morpheme-per-word ratio (1:1).
Fusion: from fusional to agglutinative. 'coz we ain't making up this stuff!!
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