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VRQ Level 1 Unit 105

Understand Menus
by

Liz Stratton

on 2 September 2016

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Transcript of VRQ Level 1 Unit 105

Unit 105 - Understand Menus
Intolerance or Allergy?
Intolerance
Vegetarians can't eat...
Meat
Poultry
Game
Fish
Shellfish
Slaughter by products

Menu Task
Allergy
Adverse reaction every time the food is eaten
Immune system is not activated
Abnormal reaction of the bodies immune system to something most people find harmless
Affects a number of organs at a time
Results in a drop of blood pressure
Allergens
Peanuts Tree Nuts
Milk Eggs
Fish Shellfish
Gluten Wheat

Soya Sesame Seeds
Celery Seeds Mustard
Sulphites

Anaphylaxis
Life threatening, fast developing ALLERGIC reaction
Immune system reacts to substances and can KILL
Symptoms:
Swelling of the throat (difficult to speak)
Swelling of the tongue (difficult to swallow)
Rash
Sweating, flushed
Call an Ambulance!!!
Main diseases affecting diet....
Coeliac Disease:
Lifelong inflammatory condition caused by a reaction to gluten (protein found in wheat) and similar proteins found in barley, rye and oats
Diabetes
Amount of glucose in blood is too high as the pancreas does not produce insulin which helps glucose enter the blood stream
Controlled by injections or diet (low sugar)
Vegetarians can eat...
Grains
Pulses
Nuts
Seeds
Vegetables
Fruits

Types of Veggies...
(Lacto-Ovo) Vegetarian
No meat but does eat dairy and eggs
Lacto Vegetarian
No meat, no eggs but does eat dairy
Vegan
Strict vegetarian – purely plant based
No animal products – no honey, meat, dairy or eggs
Pescatarian
Vegetarian diet but will eat fish

Religious Requirements
Judaism (Jewish)
Follow a KOSHER diet
Animals are ritually slaughtered
Do not eat pork
Do not eat shellfish
Islam (Muslim)
Follow a HALAL diet
Animals are ritually slaughtered
Do not eat pork
Hidden Allergens
Gluten
Breadcrumbs in Burgers
Soy sauce
Thickener in Sauces
Flour in cheap cream cheese
Nuts
Pesto
Sesame Oil for frying
Gelatine
Sweets

Why does a restaurant have a menu?
To provide customer information
It is a legal requirement
To show the prices
For marketing / promotion
How can menus be displayed?
Card
Online
Black board / white board
External A board
Pictures
What needs to be on a menu?
Pricing
Accurate description / provenance of food
Dietary information i.e. suitable for veggies, healthy
Calorie Content
Ingredient Characteristics
Ricotta Cheese - Italian, made from Ewe's Milk

Salmon - an oily, round fish

Asparagus - Seasonal, Green

Tarragon - a herb that tastes of Aniseed
Accompaniments
Roast Lamb
Mint sauce, gravy, mint jelly, redcurrant jelly
Roast Beef
Horseradish, Yorkshire Pudding, gravy, mustard
Fish and Chips
Lemon, Tartare Sauce, vinegar, ketchup
Pasta
Parmesan, black pepper from a mill
Why do you need to know??
To be aware of dietary requirements, allergies, intolerances
To be able to give recommendations, upsell and give great customer service!
Full transcript