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Effects of the Civil War on the North and South
Transcript of Effects of the Civil War on the North and South
The 13th Amendment was the Amendment that abolished slavery.
When the 13th Amendment was proposed there had been no new amendments adopted for more then 60 years. End of Slavery Iron and steel and become essential to the further industrialization of America after the Civil War. During this time the Reconstruction Acts (1867 & 1868) came about. They divided 10 confederate states into 5 military districts. Congress enacted a plan that required the former states to meet certain conditions such as the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. The Reconstruction ended in 1877 In the south the cultural transformation resulted in high amounts of racial tension and the development of the Ku Klux Klan 14th Amendment-
This granted civil rights to all persons born in the United States including African Americans, under this amendment is the Due process and the Equal Protection Clauses.
It was proposed on June 13, 1899 and ratified on July 9, 1868. 15th Amendment-
African American men were given the right to vote in the 15th Amendment. The amendment reads, "the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." The Southern states before they could rejoin the Union had to agree to the terms of the North. This symbolizes the North winning the war and freeing the slaves. Reconstruction This shows the conflict between the North (left) and South (right). Amendments It was during the presidency of Lincoln that the 13th Amendment was passed, abolishing slavery. The 13th Amendment prohibited owning slaves. Many slaves would escape to the underground railroad before slavery was abolished. these were paths that the slaves would take to escape the South. Emancipation Proclamation was a speech given by Lincoln. It did not pay the owners, directly outlaw slavery, or make ex-slaves citizens. It strictly made the eradication of slavery a specific war goal and was meant to reunite the Union. Even though slavery was illegal after the 13th amendment was passed it still continued in for months in many southern states such as, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, and West Virginia. Economic historian Robert E. Wright argues that "it would have much cheaper, with minimal deaths, if the federal government had purchased and freed all the slaves rather than fighting the civil war". The 13th Amendment abolished slavery and stated that it was illegal to own slaves. Industrialization The U.S. had become more industrialized rather than advancing in agriculture. Iron made weapons and tools like railroads and rifles were commonly used during the Civil War and helped lead into industrialization after. Oil was a new necessity. The discovery of drillable oil in Pennsylvania led to many drillers hoping to get a job and get rich quick. John D. Rockefeller nearly monopolized the oil industry in America. His oil distributing company was called Standard Oil. End of Slavery: On June 19th Union soldiers landed in Texas with news that the war had ended and that the slaves were free. Slaves would try to escape the South via the underground railroad. Slaves would be beaten if they displeased their owner. Many slaves worked on Southern plantation in the cotton fields. Iron and steel were big industries during the Civil War Iron improved many things including railroads, this later helped further industrialization Rockefeller owned almost all the oil industry making him extremely wealthy