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States of Matter
Transcript of States of Matter
One of the solid forms of the element carbon is diamond.
Definite shape and volume.
No definite shape or volume.
Takes the shape and fills its container.
No definite shape, but liquids do have a definite volume.
Takes the shape of its container
There are two different types of solids:
In many solids, the atoms form a repeating pattern.
These patterns create crystals.
Solids that are made up of crystals are called crystalline solids.
*E.g., Salt, sugar, diamond, quartz, snow, ruby
In amorphous solids, the particles are NOT arranged in a repeating pattern.
*E.g., Plastics, rubber, butter, wax, and glass.
Crystalline and Amorphous
Solids, liquids, and gases may be elements, compounds, or mixtures.
Air is a mixture of gases (e.g., Oxygen and Nitrogen).
Water is a compound you’ve seen as both a solid and a liquid.
Surface tension is caused by the attraction of the molecules in the surface of a liquid.
Movement: The particles in a solid
can only vibrate.
Arrangement: The particles in a solid are very closely packed together.
Movement: The particles can collide with and move past each other.
Arrangement: The particles in a liquid are packed loosely together.
Arrangement: The particles in a gas are spread apart.
Movement: The particles in a gas move independently and frequently collide with each other.
Definite: certain; not likely to change
Prefix in- : not; the opposite of