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Canadian LGBT Rights & Movement

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Dyanna Choi

on 6 April 2014

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Transcript of Canadian LGBT Rights & Movement

Canadian LGBT Rights & Movement
What comes to mind when you think of equality for LGBT?
Memorable People
Pierre Trudeau - decriminalized homosexuality in 1967 when he became Justice Minister
Svend Robinson - became 1st openly gay MP in 1988
Libby Davies - became 1st openly lesbian MP in 2001
Bill Siksay - was 1st openly gay person to be voted MP in 2004
Significant Laws & Movements
Gay men in Vancouver and Toronto joined together to form the country's first gay rights groups and organize the first gay pride parades.
NDP became the first political party to support gay movement in 1976.
Liberal Party included sexual orientation in Canadian Human Rights Act.
Sexual orientation was read into the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1985.
Federal court lifted the ban on homosexuals in the military in 1992.
Chris Lea became the first openly gay leader of a political party in Canada by winning the leadership of the Green Party in the 1990s.
Bill C-33 was passed in June 1996, formally adding sexual orientation to the Canadian Human Rights act, prohibiting discrimination.
Toronto District School Board introduced the Triangle Program, which is Canada's first high school program for at-risk LGBT youth.
History of Inequality

What is LGBT?
1841 - Canadian Criminal Code imposes death penalty of life imprisonment for sexual relations.

1998 - Ontario decides Provincial Health Insurance will no longer pay for sexual reassignment surgery. After a year Manitoba and Alberta also followed that decision.

TODAY - LGBT groups are still faced with discrimination, for example health care.
Comparing movement towards equality for LGBT groups between CA, USA, UK.
Similarities:
Recognizes same sex activities happening
Had acts to prohibit discrimination (Canadian Human Right Act, Equality Act, Employment Non Discrimination Act)
Discrimination still exists

Difference(s):
Legalization of same sex marriage (2005 in Canada, 2013 in UK, 13 states in USA)

Do people still discriminate LGBT members today?
In what ways?
The equality of rights for LGBT has been a long and challenging process, as it is only recently that same sex marriage has been legalized.
Asian film project seeks to encourage LGBT youths
Court in Iran released many people from jail after being arrested
Bangladesh's newspaper opposes the anti-gay law
Peaceful celebration in Cameroon for International Day Against Homophobia without any anti-gay violence
What efforts are in play to bring equality for these people?
Trivia Time!
DISCLAIMER: Includes vocabulary that may make an individual uncomfortable.
LGBT is an acronym referring to
Lesbian
,
Gay
,
Bisexual
and
Transgendered
.
Lesbian - A homosexual women
Gay - A homosexual person
Bisexual - A person who is emotionally, physically or sexually attracted to more than one gender.
Transgender - People who deviate from their assigned gender at birth


% of people that fit into this description
Sexual Orientation:
- 1.1% age 18 to 59 (Gay or Lesbian in 2009)
- 0.9% age 18 to 59 (Bisexual in 2009)

Admitted that they are gay or lesbian: 1% (aged 18+)

Admitted that they are bisexual:
1% (aged 18+)

DISCLAIMER: Includes vocabulary that may make an individual uncomfortable.
Questions? :)
Bibliography
Key Points
Only 2% of people have admitted they are lesbian, gay or bisexual because of violence towards this group
LGBT groups are still faced with discrimination TODAY
LGBT members encounter many physical and emotional problems.
People are still imprisoned and killed for being homosexual
Bill C-33 finally acknowledged sexual orientation as an important factor.
There are 82 countries in the world who discriminate LGBT.
These countries include Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Pakistan, and many more.
Russia dropped bill to seize children from gay parents
In Iran, homosexuality is punished by death and described as an illness that should be cured
In total, there are 19 people in prison for being gay and 41 are in trial worldwide.
LGBT people experience homophobic violence
LGBT people have reduced access to medical care and must wait longer to seek treatment
Not been permitted to openly participate the Armed Forces
"76+ countries where homosexuality is illegal." 76 CRIMES. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2013. <http://76crimes.com/76-countries-where-homosexuality-is-illegal/>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Bill Siksay." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Siksay>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Category Archives: Anti-LGBT laws and legislation." 76 CRIMES. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2013. <http://76crimes.com/category/anti-lgbt-laws-and-legislation/>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Gay and lesbian issues - discrimination." Better Health Channel. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2013. <http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Gay_and_lesbian_issues_discrimination>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"History of LGBT rights in the UK." Timetoast. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. <http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-lgbt-rights-in-the-uk>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"LGBT Terms and Definitions." Welcome. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2013. <http://www.internationalspectrum.umich.edu/life/definitions>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"LGBT rights by country or territory." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LGBT_rights_by_country_or_territory>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"The March to Equality | History of Gay and Lesbian Rights Timeline | University of Toronto Magazine." University of Toronto Magazine The March to Equality Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2013. <http://www.magazine.utoronto.ca/summer-2009/history-gay-lesbian-rights/>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Timeline of LGBT history in Canada." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_LGBT_history_in_Canada>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Timeline of The Gay Liberation in Canada, 1970s." Timeline of The Gay Liberation in Canada, 1970s. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2013. <http://www.uwo.ca/pridelib/bodypolitic/gaylib/70stimeline.htm>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Timeline of the Gay Liberation Movement in Canada, 1980s." Timeline of the Gay Liberation Movement in Canada, 1980s. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2013. <http://www.uwo.ca/pridelib/bodypolitic/gaylib/80stimeline.htm>. (tags: none | edit tags)


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