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The Globalization Reader

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Marty Glazebrook

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of The Globalization Reader

Chapter Focus:
Non-state Actors & Global Civil Society
Hard v. Soft Laws
Culture & laws are dialectic
TEAGs & Non-State Actors as Significant Agents in Global Environmental Affairs

Case Study: Greenpeace
Greenpeace utilizes soft power in an attempt to manipulate the values, norms and modes of discourse in order to alter people’s conceptions of reality.

Three Strategies:
1) Working w/in Traditional Political processes
2) Direct, Non-violent Action
Bearing Witness
Paul Wapner:
Greenpeace & Political Globalism
Margret E. Keck & Kathryn Sikkink:
Environmental Advocacy Networks
Chapter Focus:
How environmental advocacy networks & non-state actors are influential and important agents in framing global environmental issues.

Case Study:
Capaign Against Deforestation; Sarawak, Malaysia
Three Frames:
Preserve a threatened Malaysian indigenous culture.
Recognize the Dayak and Penan people's right to land claims
International campaign against the logging of tropical and rainforest timbers.
Ultimately unable to quell deforestation of Sarawak region of Malaysia; but did have some significant achievements.


Summary & Critique
Main Argument:
Even when they are unable to achieve their goals, environmental advocacy networks and non-state actors remain an influential and important agent in framing global environmental issues.

Strength:
draws attention to the fact that state governments are not the only significant actors in global politics; rather, a diverse set of agents outside of state governments work to influence state policies and societal norms.
demonstrates the important role that framing plays in global political issues. omplete failure.
Summary & Critique
Main Arguement:
in terms of environmental issues, non-state actors have the ability to influence global political events.

Streangth:
Wapner effectively demonstrates how non-state actors could be instrumental in altering social behaviour and, thus, be able to influence state policy and the global environmental discourse.

Weaknesses:
Wapner fails to give conclusive examples of how the actions of Greenpeace
have actually been
instrumental in altering social behaviour and influencing the global environmental discourse
Wapner also fails to consider the range of non-state actors working to perpetuate the environmental perceptions currently held by society at large.
Chapters 60 & 61
The Globalization Reader
Marty Glazebrook
POLS 471
Questions
1) Wapner argues that both soft power and hard power are equally important in terms of their influence on global political affairs. Ultimately, Wapner claims that laws and culture are mutually reinforcing.
– Do you believe that the relationship between laws and culture is truly dialectic in nature? Do you believe laws influence culture? Does culture influence law?

2) Do you believe, as Wapner, Keck and Sikkink do, that non-state actors can significantly influence global environmental issues?
–Environemental Groups?
—Corporations/MNCs?
Section Overview
Focus:
connection between globalization, the environment, and global environmental politics.
the influence, or lack of influence that non-state actors and global civil society can have on global environmental politics.


Conclusion:
in a world drawn together by the forces of globalization, world civic society and non-state actors are an influential force in both state and global politics—at least in terms of environmental issues.
Full transcript