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Brain Structure and Function

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by

Clay Kenyon

on 21 May 2014

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Transcript of Brain Structure and Function

By: Clay Kenyon, Teresa Cortens, Megan Blazzard
Brain Structure
and Function

Frontal Lobe
Parietal lobe
Controls movement and plans behavior
Temporal Lobe

Temporal Lobe

controls hearing and enables recognition of objects and faces
Medulla Oblongata
Involved with the control of involuntary functions such as breathing, muscle tone, and blood circulation
Cerebrum
includes two hemispheres made up of cerebral cortex and basal nuclei, which control cognitive and motor functions
Diencephalon
consists of thalmus and hypothalmus, which both deal with sensory motor functions
Pineal Gland
Produces melatonin, which is a hormone that affects the modulation of sleep patterns
Hippocampus
vital to the formation of memories and other higher functions
Ventricles
consists of four cavities that contain cerebrospinal fluid, which cushions the brain inside the skull and protects the spinal cord
Published by drbobrd. "Corpus Callosum and Hippocampus." 11 November 2008. Web. <www.youtube.com/watch?=vYJLHDPTrUYk>
Function: controls bodily sensations
Sensory and Motor Area
sensory-receives messages from sense organs (eyes, nose, tongue, or ears)

motor-controls voluntary muscle movements
Pons and Midbrain
pons- controls sleep and arousal
midbrain-controls sensory processes
Reticular Formation
ascending-responsible for the sleep wake cycle
descending- regulates motor movement
Occipital Lobe
Located in the back region of the brain where images of the eyes are processed.
Thalamus
relays sensory information to the cerebral cortex
Pituitary Gland
Function: Anterior and posterior sections secrete hormones i.e. growth hormone (anterior) and oxytocin (posterior)
Basal Ganglia
Function: Organizes motor behavior
Published by stutteringmedia. "How the Brain Works: Basal Ganglia". Mar 26, 2009. Web.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nx4s8sNqIj


Teresa's animation
Corpus Callosum
Bundle of neurons that connects the left and right hemisphere and allows for interhemispheric communication
Cerebellum
Located in the back of the brain and controls motor functions
Sulci and Gyri
The folds and grooves of the brain that increase its surface area and divide each hemisphere into four lobes. The gyri are the ridges and the Sulci are the grooves.
Hypothalamus
Connects the nervous and endocrine systems through the pituitary gland. Controls body temperature.
Meninges and
Skull
Meninges:the three connective tissue layers that cover the brain. Skull:bone structure of the head that is composed of two parts; the cranium and the mandible. Creates a protective cavity for the brain
Limbic System
system of brain structures which include the hippocampus, amygdala, and olfactory bulbs.
Brain Video: Megan
Published by The University of Utah Brain Institute. "The Unfixed Brain." Jan 9, 2013. Web.
Full transcript