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Anthem, Rand, & Utopia/Dystopia

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by

Jon Tully

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Anthem, Rand, & Utopia/Dystopia

Utopian vs. Dystopian
Literature

Dystopia
Anthem
Ayn Rand
K
ey
Facts
Collectivism vs. Individualism
Definition:
Examples...
Examples...
Definition:
Example
Types
Ecological (
e.g. Hippy communes
)
Science & technological

(
e.g. anarcho-primitivism
)
Religious (
e.g.Puritans
)
Political and social (
e.g. Communism
)
Economic

(
e.g. Socialism
)
Dystopia = the vision of a society that is the opposite of utopia in which the conditions of life are miserable, characterized by human misery, poverty, oppression, violence, disease, and/or pollution.
Born in St. Petersburg, Russia, on February 2, 1905.
Opposed the mysticism and collectivism of Russian culture.
Witnessed two political revolutions during her teenage years.
The communist victory = the confiscation of her father's pharmacy and periods of near-starvation for her family.
In high school, America = what a nation of free men could be.
In 1925, obtained permission to "visit" US.
Never came back.
type of work 
= Novella
genre
 = Dystopian (anti-Utopian) The world presented is the world as it should NOT be.
written in
 = The United States, 1937.
narrator 
= Equality 7-2521 writes the journal of the events as they transpire over the course of several months.
point of view
 = Equality 7-2521 speaks in the first person (plural). He will refer to himself as “we” instead of “I.”
tense
 = Present, with some past-tense narration.
tone
 = Equality 7-2521 records his thoughts and actions in a straightforward manner, with no trace of irony.
Collectivism
– the subjugation of the individual to the group – whether to a race, class, or state does not matter.
is owned by the group
has no right to a private existence
has no right to lead his own life, pursue his own happiness, or use his own property
exists only as part of the group
*www.worldofteaching.com
in harmony with nature
Utopia = a visionary or ideally perfect state of society, whose members live the best possible life.

Utopianism = the ways in which people think about, depict, and attempt to create a perfect society.

Utopian thought deals with morality, ethics, psychology, and political philosophy, and often
originates from the belief that reason and intelligence can bring about the betterment of society.
Individualism
– regards every man as an independent, sovereign entity who possesses an inalienable right to his own life, a right derived from his nature as a rational being. Individualism
does not mean
that one can do whatever he feels like doing; it means that every man or woman is an individual and has the same rights.
The individual . . .
has rights
will not run anyone else’s life, nor let anyone run theirs
will not rule or be ruled
will neither be a master nor a slave
will not sacrifice themselves to anyone, nor sacrifice anyone to themselves
*www.worldofteaching.com
BELLWORK:
IF THE GOVERNMENT FELL APART TOMORROW AND YOU WERE MADE DICTATOR, WHAT WOULD YOU DO? WHAT LAWS OR RULES WOULD YOU ENACT OR ENFORCE TO KEEP SOCIETY AFLOAT? WHAT WOULD YOU DO ABOUT HEALTHCARE? WHAT WOULD YOU DO ABOUT JOBS? WHAT NEW LAWS WOULD YOU ENACT? HOW WOULD YOU MAINTAIN CONTROL?
The Hunger Games:
Katniss lives in a society where there is no free will. She is stuck in a district that is impoverished. Her government forces people to fight to the death.
The Matrix
Although the world seems normal, machines have constructed a fake world so that they can keep humans happy while they steal their energy.
Humans have no choice; they are born into this slavery. Anyone who resists is hunted down and killed.
The Federation from Star Trek.
This is a society that has equality, peace within its borders, knowledge available for all, free food and medicine, little to no crime, and strives to share these gifts with the universe.
Publishing History
Written in 1937, published in Europe in 1938.
Because of the "Red Scare" in the U.S., it wasn't published here until 1961.
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