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Celiac Disease

Jessica Wilkinson

jessica hazard

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Celiac Disease

Celiac Disease Jessica Wilkinson What is Celiac Disease? Celiac is an immunological (allergic) reaction within the inner lining of the small intestine to proteins (gluten) that are present in wheat, rye, barley and, to a lesser extent, in oats. The immunological reaction causes inflammation that destroys the lining of the small intestine. This reduces the absorption of the dietary nutrients and can lead to symptoms and signs of nutritional, vitamin, and mineral deficiencies Causes of Celiac Disease Celiac is caused by an immunological (allergic) reaction to gluten in the diet that inflames and destroys the inner lining of the small intestine. There is evidence that this reaction is partially genetic and partially inherited. Thus, approximately 10% of the first-degree relatives (parents, siblings or children) of individuals with celiac disease also will have celiac disease. Signs and Symptoms Gastrointestinal symptoms of fat malabsorption include diarrhea, malodorous flatulence (foul smelling gas), abdominal bloating, and increased amounts of fat in the stool (steatorrhea).
The symptoms of lactose malabsorption are diarrhea, excessive flatulence (passing gas), abdominal pain and abdominal bloating or distension An estimated 10% of individuals with celiac disease also have dermatitis herpetiformis. Dermatitis herpetiformis is a disease of the skin that is characterized by an itchy rash on the extremities, buttocks, neck, trunk, and scalp.
Recurrent painful mouth ulcers (aphthous stomatitis)
Insulin-dependent diabetes (juvenile-onset or type 1 diabetes)
Autoimmune thyroid disease
Rheumatoid arthritis
Systemic lupus What are some diseases associated with Celiac Disease? Changing diet to glueten free
Undergoing radiation if the Celiac Disease has caused cancer
Anti inflammatory drugs
Medicines have proven effective in treating symptoms Treatment
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