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어법 끝 5.0
Transcript of 어법 끝 5.0
부제: 부분이 아닌 전체보기 연습!
첫번째! 나온데서 또 나온다!
두번째 ! 부분이 아닌 전체를 파악하는
세번째! 함정에 빠지지 않도록 주의하자!
능동 / 수동
that (which)/ what
Don't wash the broccoli before storing it since moisture on its surface
promotes/ to promote
the growth of mold.(기출)
Janice got dressed and hurriedly left the room.
I truly understand what the speaker was trying to say.
I realized that nothing else would satisfy me.
When he was 12, after his father died, he helped support
1) Take a few minutes to relieve your stress will make a big difference.
2) Their body temperature had to be higher than the air (to hatch/ hatch) eggs.
3) Everything King Midas touched (turned /turning) to gold.
4) Pedestrians at the intersections, either waiting or crossing, create multiple potential conflicts as drivers, particularly those who speed, (fail/ failing) to notice if the pedestrian is about to cross or not.
5) Only a handful of the advancements like international conference calls, IP phones, and video chats (allowing/ allow) people to speak rather than to write.
주어/준동사 함정에 빠지지 않기 !
1. 한 문장에는 주어1, 동사1 !
( 각각의 절에 주어,동사가 있음)
2. 한 문장에 두 개의 동사가 있으면
하나는 준동사(to 부정사/ 동명사/ 분사)!
3. 전치사와 접속사를 구분하여
동사 자리처럼 보이는 곳 주의!
(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은?
[3점] [2014년 3월 종로]
Three tragic conflicts in the twentieth century ― World War I, World War II and the Cold War,
(A) representing / represented
the terminal climax of the industrial era. The new wealth system, starting in the United States, has already crossed the Pacific and transformed Asia. Behind this world transformation, as we’ve seen,
(B) is / are
unprecedented changes at the level of the deep fundamentals of wealth. Nowhere is this clearer or more revealing than in Asia’s historic rise and China’s great awakening. While much mentioned in financial news, Asia remains insufficiently understood on both Wall Street and in Washington because of history and geography.
(C) Without / Unless
the United States, Europe and the rest of the world understand what is really happening in China, it will be difficult to make sense of what lies ahead.
Today's Pop Song
Why did a boy throw
the butter out
To see the butter fly.
(to see the butterfly.)
본격 구문 분석
1. Clearly, people can make a distinction between violence on a screen and violence (acts / acted) out with toys guns.
2. The fortress (stood / standing) high on the rocky hilltop was built in 1324.
3. If you want to develop your reading skills, read more! Wherever possible, (choose / choosing) books or articles which inspire you to read on.
4. Most big supermarkets usually don't even sell organic fruit and vegetables that have worms or spots, (throw / throwing) out whatever isn't "perfect."
5. A good stylist knows that what a customer thinks she wants (is / to be ) often not what she really wants. The "look" in the picture will frequently not be the "look" on this customer.
6. Just as saying sorry matters, so does (remember / remembering) to thank those who help you mover forward.
One step further!
7. Regrettably, most of the productivity measurement schemes I have encountered measuring effort or apparent activity. (기출응용)
8. It is not easy to show moral courage in the face of either indifference or opposition. But persons who are daring in taking a wholehearted stand for truth often achieving results that exceed their expectations. (기출응용)
9. If you are eating burgers and ice cream to feel comforted, relaxed, and happy, try to replace them with apples and carrot juice is like dealing with a leaky bathroom tap by repainting the kitchen. What is required is not a better diet, but an alternative way to feel comforted and relaxed. (기출응용)
10. The most common activity among people observed during the study turning out to be watching other people. And it was also found that people liked to be watched! (기출응용)
11. Social and physical structures were the great dictators that determined how and where people would spend their lives. The resulting explosion of personal liberty creating an array of options, alternatives, and decisions that our ancestors never faced. (기출응용)
12. Sharks can locate their prey by following the minute electrical voltage that their prey generates. However, they cannot find a dead flounder was buried in the sand or a live flounder covered by a special sheet blocking its electric signals. (기출응용)
13. Organs can then begin to fail, tissues change in structure, and the chemical reactions that power the body becoming less efficient. (기출)
14. What people don't know is that the carbon dioxide level some 80 million years ago-back when our mammalian ancestors were evolving- to be at least 1,000 parts per million. (기출)
2. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은? 〔3 점〕
[2014년 3월 종로]
Some debates are ① so
in with people’s moral identity that one might doubt that they can ever be resolved by reason and evidence. Social psychologists have found that with divisive
moral issues, especially ② those
liberals and conservatives disagree, all combatants are intuitively certain they are correct and that their opponents have ugly hidden motives.
They argue out of respect for the social convention that one should always provide reasons for one’s opinions, but when an argument ③
refuted, they don’t change their minds but work harder to find a replacement argument. Moral debates, far from resolving hostilities, can escalate them, because when people on the other side don’t immediately surrender, ④
only proves they are deaf to reason. People’s opinions on politics, violence, gender, children, and art ⑤
define the kind of person they think they are.
3. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은? [3점]
[2014년 4월 경기도교육청]
In some communities, music and performance have successfully transformed whole neighborhoods as
as The Guggenheim Museum did in Bilbao. In Salvador, Brazil, musician Carlinhos Brown established several music and culture centers in formerly dangerous neighborhoods. In Candeal,
Brown was born, local kids were encouraged to join drum groups, sing, and stage performances. The kids, energized by these activities,
to turn away from dealing drugs. Being a young criminal was no longer their only life option. Being musicians and playing together in a group looked like more fun and was more
. Little by little, the crime rate dropped in those neighborhoods; the hope returned. In another slum area, possibly inspired by Brown’s example, a culture center began to encourage the local kids to stage musical events, some of
dramatized the tragedy that they were still recovering from.
4. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은? [3점]
[2014년 4월 종로]
My friend’s boy made a video of himself solving a Rubik’s Cube
, and then posted it on the Web. As I watched him put the blindfold on, pick up the cube, and begin twisting, I noticed something strange about the sound, but I couldn’t put my finger on
was unusual. Later, when I commented to my friend how bright his boy was, he replied, “Indeed, he faked it. The movie was in reverse.” The world does not sound the same when
backward. What had raised my antennae when watching the Rubik’s Cube video was the unusual sounds that occur when one hears events in reverse. What appeared in the video to be him picking up the cube to begin unscrambling it
④ to be
actually him setting the cube down after having scrambled it.
the cube down caused a hit and a ring, but in reverse what one hears is a ring coming out of nowhere, and ending with a sudden ring-stopping hit.
Today's Pop Song