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Transcript of Cooperative Learning
Provide opportunities for students to give and receive feedback from other members in their groups, as well as you (Tomlinson, 2004)! Why is this important in today's world? 1. Positive Interdependence
2. Face-to-Face Promotive Interaction
3. Individual and Group Accountability
4. Interpersonal and Small Group Skills
5. Group Processing
Drs. David Johnson and Roger Johnson Although the Johnsons say you need all five, the book says that positive interdependence and individual accountability are the two most essential elements of cooperative learning. One person's success can not come at the expense of another person's success Each member of the team needs to receive feedback on how his or her personal efforts contribute to to the achievement of the overall goal. 1. reflect upon new knowledge
2. Helps people process what they are learning
3. creates a common understanding Bandura, 2000 Give each student a role in the group! Give the students an assessment! This video was made by students in a cooperative learning group! Group size No more than 5 students per a group! As groups get larger:
1. external and internal motivation decreases
2. Group members feel their contributions will not be noticed.
3. Students are less likely to feel motivating social pressures. There are three different types of cooperative learning groups Informal groups Formal groups Base groups You can group students however you like, but do not group them based on ability! Why would we not want to group students based on ability? Create your own cooperative learning activity! 1. What is the activity and the goal of your cooperative learning activity?
2. What type of groups will your students be in? How many people per a group? How will you group your students?
3. How will you use individual accountability and positive interdependence in the activity?
4. How will you allow for your students to give and receive feedback? How often should we use cooperative learning in the classroom? As often as you would like, but cooperative learning should be balanced with chances for students to practice the skills and process taught independently (Anderson 2005; Rohrer& Taylor, 2007) More sources!