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Submitted By: Gokturk, Tony, Aiden and Khandon The Arctic and Hudson
Bay Lowlands Climate The Land Vegetation Wildlife Precipitation -The arctic lowlands are classified as a Polar Desert this meaning that the air is very dry, and it receives low precipitation all year round, less than 200mm to be exact. -In the Hudson Bay Lowlands Precipitation ranges from 400mm in the northwest to 800mm in the southeast.
-These two regions are greatly affected by the second largest bay in the world, The Hudson Bay, hence its name. Temperature The Arctic Lowlands - The average summer temperatures in this region is 11ºC, but in the winter, the average temperature is around -18ºC. During the winter the majority of the Hudson Bay Lowlands are submerjed under ice. During the winter the arctic lowlands experience long cold winters, the temperatures can reach -45 degrees Celsius and the mean temperatures for this region during the winter is -14 degrees Celsius! The average temperature during the summer is 15 degrees Celsius. The Hudson Bay Lowlands Daylight During the winter the sun remains very very low in the sky or it does not rise at all, this lasts from November to Febuary. In the summer it is the complete opposite and their is only sunlight for 24 hours The Arctic Lowlands Gokturk Location -The Hudson Bay Lowlands are however located in-between the Arctic Lowlands and the Canadian Shield. These lowlands (Hudson Bay Lowlands) also border the interior plains region of Canada. The Hudson Bay Lowlands The Arctic Lowlands -These lowlands, which are covered in a thick layer snow throughout the entire winter, make up the majority of Canada's Arctic region. Formation The Hudson Bay Lowlands - Originally, this was part of the Canadian Shield; however, during the last ice age, the glaciers that covered this part of the Canadian Shield melted and pushed the ground downwards. The Arctic and Hudson Bay Lowlands - In these regions, sedimentary strata overlies Precambrian bedrock, resulting in low-lying plains and a smooth plateau, this can especially be said for the southern portions of the Arctic Lowlands Did You Know? - The land in the Hudson Bay lowlands is rising at roughly 60cm per 100 years due to the isostatic uplift? Tony Nutrients in The Soil -There is very little nutrition in the soil, not to mention the high winds and low precipitation. The Arctic Lowlands The Plants -The trees typically found in this region are... The Hudson Bay Lowlands White Spruce Birch Aspen Trees -The vegetation in the Hudson Bay lowlands however thrives. The Hudson Bay Lowlands -Between the cold Tundra ground and swamps are soft spungy marshes, separating these two diffrent regions. The Arctic Lowlands -Even though the vegetation in the arctic goes through many challenges some small plants survive, these victorious plants are Mosses/Lichen Saxifrage Aren't they Beautiful Sedges Cotton Grass The Arctic Lowlands -These plants usually grow in the southern fringes and wetter parts of the region were the ground has thawed enough above the permafrost (frozen ground). Did You Know? -In the very very south parts of this region, dwarf birch, willow and alder can also be seen and they can reach two meters in height. Dwarf Birch Dwarf Willow The Arctic Lowlands -The wildlife in this region , the arctic lowlands is comprised of a few animals. These include Wolverines Arctic Fox Muskoxen Caribou The Ringed Seal The Arctic Hare Arctic/Snowy Owl -Some of these animals migrate to warmer places such as Central America and return when the weather there becomes too warm. Some animals in this region survive in the winter by reducing their activities to a minimum -The iconic polar bear lives in this region as well where it roams the ice in search of the ringed seal which sometimes sit on top of the ice. -The Hudson Bay Lowlands and the Arctic Lowlands share similar types of animals. Many of these Animals in the Hudson Bay Lowlands depend on the large bay for survival. The Hudson Bay Lowlands -In the Arctic and Hudson Bay Lowlands Many animals stock up body fat during the summer to outlast the scarce supply of food in the winter, these animals reduce there activities to a minimum to conserve body fat. Migratory birds leave this region in the winter and travel to the south during the summer. Khandon Tourism/ Global Warming Hunting in the Hudson Bay Lowlands Hunting The southern parts of the Hudson Bay Lowlands are a common hotspot for annual bird hunters as it houses many diffrent migratory birds that annually pass over the wetlands. The Arctic Lowlands Hudson Bay Lowlands The Arctic Lowlands are a hotspot for
people who want to experience the thrill of watching the Northern Lights. Science Many scientists also visit the Arctic to explore how the earth formed. On the other hand, some people just go to the Arctic to experience the harsh environment and live among the natives. Global Warming in the Arctic
Lowlands Canada's ice sheets that connect many of the islands in the north are starting to disappear irreversibly! Bibliography Effects http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/hudson-bay
http://ca.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20110311124214AALd9aq THANK YOU! And Some Industry The Hudson Bay Company -Helped Urbanize Area -Originated in This region with the Fur Trade -Oldest Company in North America Aiden -Fur Trade