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English Literature Timeline: Notable Events, Authors, and Periods

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niles haich

on 13 April 2016

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Transcript of English Literature Timeline: Notable Events, Authors, and Periods

0
500
1000
1500
2000
1485
43
1603
1660
1784
1830
1901
2012
The Middle Ages
The Sixteenth
Century
The Early
Seventeeth
Century
The
Restoration
and the
Eighteenth
Century
The
Romantic
Period
The
Victorian
Age
The
Twentieth
Century and
After
ca. 450
Anglo-Saxon Conquest
Marks beginning of Old English
597
St. Augustine of Canterbury arrives in
Kent
Marks the beginning of Anglo-Saxon
conversion to Christianity
English Literature Timeline:
Notable Events, Authors, and Works

Although the exact date of Beowulf is not known, it is believed to have been written in the first half of the 8th century.
871-899
Reign of King Alfred
Known as "Alfred the Great"
Only English king to have "The Great"
as part of his title
Really pushed education (literacy), especially
of religious leaders
ca. 43-420
Roman invasion and occupation of Britain
1066
Norman Conquest
Normans took possession of England after the Battle of Hastings
French-Speaking "Norseman"
Marks beginning of Middle English
1154-1189
Reign of Henry II
His marriage to Eleanor of Acquitaine, heiress to the French throne, sets the stage for English and
French hostilities
ca. 1200
Beginnings of Middle English literature
Looks like English, sounds like French
Geoffrey Chaucer is the first real artist to use this language
Chaucer's
Canterbury

Tales
was a work of art in more ways than one:
http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/pharos/images/swf/manuscript/manuscript_5a.html
1215
Magna Carta
King John enforces
stiff taxes
Legend of Robin Hood
is born
ca. 1343-1400
Geoffrey Chaucer
1485
William Caxton publishes
Sir Thomas Mallory's
Morte


Darthur
, one of the first books
in English to be printed
Early 6th century
Legend of King Arthur is born
Arthur believed to fight Saxon invaders
1485
Accession of Henry VII inaugurates the Tudor dynasty
Marks the beginning of the Sixteenth Century period of English Literature
1509
Accession of Henry VIII
1517
Martin Luther's Wittenberg Theses
Beginning of the Reformation
1534
Henry VIII Declares himself head of the English church
1588
Defeat of Spanish Armada
1576
Building of The Theater, the first permanent structure in England for the presentation of plays
1558
Accession of Elizabeth I
1557
Publication of first printed anthology of English poetry
1603
Death of Elizabeth I
Accession of James I, first Stuart king of England
1605
The Gunpowder Plot, a failed effort by Catholic extremists to blow up Parliament and the king
1607
Establishment of first permanent English colony in the New World at Jamestown, Virginia
1625
Death of James I
Accession of Charles I
1642
Outbreak of civil war
Theaters close
1649
Execution of Charles I
Beginning of Commonwealth and Protectorate
1660
End of the Protectorate
Restoration of Charles II
1688-89
The Glorious Revolution
Accession of Willaim of Orange
1700
Death of John Dryden
1707
Act of Union unites Scotland and England, creating the nation of "Great Britain"
1714
Rule by House of Hanover begins with accession of George I
1744-45
Deaths of Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift
1784
Death of Samuel Johnson
1789-1815
Revolutionary and Napoleonic period in France
1807
British slave trade outlawed
1811-20
The Regency
George, Prince of Wales, acts as regent for George III, who was declared insane
1819
Peterloo Massacre
1820
Accession of George IV
1832
The First Reform Bill
1837
Victoria becomes queen
1846
The Corn Laws repealed
1850
Alfred, Lord Tennyson succeeds Wordsworth as poet laureate
1851
The Great Exhibition in London
1859
Charles Darwin's Origin of Species published
1870-71
Franco-Prussion War
1901
Death of Victoria
1914-18
World War I
1929
The Great Depression begins
1939-45
World War II
2001
9/11
991
The Battle of Maldon
1220-1258
Salisbury Cathedral is built
Cathedrals begin popping up everywhere in England
Compare old English cathedrals with modern Churches
Thomas à Becket angers Henry II
Becket murdered in
Canterbury Cathedral
People begin taking pilgrimages, journeys of moral or spiritual significance, to his shrine
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