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Theories of Personality Development

Freud, Erikson and Kohlberg
by

Jonash Durano

on 11 September 2018

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Transcript of Theories of Personality Development

Theories of Personality Development
FREUD
KOHLBERG
ERIKSON
Psychosexual Stages of Personality
Freud proposed that individuals pass through five stages of personality development tied to the sexual development of the child.
ORAL STAGE
ANAL STAGE
PHALLIC STAGE
LATENCY STAGE
GENITAL STAGE
FOCUS OF CONFLICT:
WEANING
FOCUS OF CONFLICT:
TOILET TRAINING
FOCUS OF CONFLICT:
IDENTIFICATION WITH PARENT OF THE SAME SEX AS THE CHILD
FOCUS OF CONFLICT:
SCHOOL, PLAY,
SAME-SEX FRIENDSHIPS
FOCUS OF CONFLICT:
SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP WITH PARTNER
(Oral Fixation: Optism / Pessimis,)
(Anal Expulsion / Retention)
Castration Anxiety
"I'll show you mine if you'll show me yours"
Penis Envy
OEDIPUS COMPLEX
ELECTRA COMPLEX
IDENTIFICATION
Psychosocial Stages of Personality
Erikson proposed that individuals
pass through eight developmental stages, each involving a crisis
that must be successfully resolved
Stage 1: Trust vs.
Mistrust
Can I Trust the World?
Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
Is it okay to be Me?
Stage 3: Initiative vs. Guilt
Is it okay for me to do, move and act?
Stage 4: Industry vs. Inferiority
Can I Make it in the world of People and Things ?
Stage 5: Identity vs. Role Confusion
Stage 6: Intimacy vs. Isolation
Can I Love?
Stages of Moral Development
Kohlberg proposed that each individual passes through levels of morality development,
each based on the degree to which a person conforms to conventional standards of society.
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