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Development of Education from Ancient to Modern Times

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Jana Christine Madelo

on 1 July 2014

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Transcript of Development of Education from Ancient to Modern Times

American Period
americans occupied Manila and reopened the schools in 1898, where American soldiers were teachers
Thomasites- teaching in private and secular
Philippine education was influenced by the philosophy of John Dewey
English is the medium of instruction
emphasis of the 3 R's
the curriculum gives importance to technical-vocational skills
education during that period
-free for all
-means of giving people an orientation towards a democratic way of life
Act no. 74
-free education
-public primary school ( EA of 1901)
-intermediate school (1904)
Act no. 372
-required all provinces to maintain a provincial high school
University of the Philippines was founded (1908)
Commonwealth Period
to learn and adopt Nippongo and to stop using the English language
spread elementary and vocational education and the establishment of agricultural school and colleges
importance of basic education through elementary education
education emphasize the love of work
to stop depending on western countries like the U.S., and Great Britain.
to recognize that the Philippines is a part of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere so that the Philippines and Japan will have good relations
martial law was to rule
Present Period
education aims to promote national development and values education
implementation of NESC (New Elementary School Curriculum):
-3 R's
-emphasis on mastery learning, fewer learning areas
-emphasis on the development of intellectual skills
implementation of SEDP (Secondary Education Development Program):
-subject are oriented to the development of values
-concept-based subject areas
-uni-disciplinary treatment of curriculum content
implementation of NSEC (New Secondary Education School Curriculum):
-multi-disciplinary treatment of curriculum content
-emphasis of S&T
-cognitive-affective manipulative based curriculum
-values education as a subject
EFA (Presidential Proclamation 480)
-its components are ECCD, UCPE (Universal Quality of Primary Education, EOI (Eradication of Illiteracy, CE (Continuing Education)
Pre-Spanish Period
unstructured and informal

oral, practical, and hands-on

education manifested in the culture of the people
the use of alibata/baybayin
-is an ancient writing system that was syllabic in nature, meaning that each character represented a complete syllable, rather than a single sound, as represented by a letter in the modern Filipino alphabet.
tribal tutors
-providers of vocational training aside from parents.
Spanish Period
formal schooling was introduced (primary, secondary, and tertiary)
-teachings of the doctrine and catechism was introduced
tribal tutors were replaced by Spanish missionaries
education was only available for the elite
Spanish is compulsory
schools for boys and girls were separate
Spanish culture was imposed
Educational Decree 1863
-a decree which was an attempt to reform the educational system of the Philippines, where schools were provided for boys and girls in every town.
The Normal School
-for boys studying for a teaching profession
-supervise by Jesuits
-Normal School for women was created in 1875 in Nueva Caceres
Spanish Period
The Augustinians built the first school in the Philippines situated in Cebu in 1565
The first college school for the boys was the "Colegio de San Ignacio" which was established by the Jesuits in Manila in 1589, and also with "Colegio de San Idelfonso" in Cebu in 1595, "Colegio de San Jose" in 1601, and "Escuela Pia" in 1589.
The Dominicans also established the "Colegio de San Rosario" in 1611, along with "San Juan de Letran" for the orphaned boys in 1630, and "Beaterio de San Isabel" in 1632.
Philippine Education
Development of Education from Ancient to Modern Times
Faye Arlene Amparo
Jana Christine Madelo
-to develop moral character, personal discipline, civic conscience, and vocational efficiency
-to teach the duties of citizenship
Executive Order no. 17
-Quezon City code of Ethics; foundation of the emerging philosophy of education
Executive Order no. 134 (1940)
-Tagalog as the basis of a national language
Executive Order no. 263 (1940)
-required teaching of the Filipino national language

Japanese Occupation
Present Period
DECS Order no. 6 s. 1998, strengthening the teaching of values in NSEC, NESC, PROPED(Program for Decentralized Educational Development) and SEDP
RA 6655 (May 26, 1988)
-free public secondary education
-high school textbook assistance
-expansion of educational service contracting scheme
-scholarship grants
RA 7836 (December 16, 1994)
-creation of the Board for Professional Teachers
-replacement of PBET by LET
-the formulation, adoption, and promulgation of the Code of Ethical and Professional Standards for Professional Teachers
Environmental Education (Science)
Population Education (Science and Social Studies)
Gender Fairness and Peace Education (Social Studies)
Global Education (Education for the responsible participation in an interdependent world community)


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