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Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc V. United States

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on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc V. United States

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc V. United States
Citations
"HEART OF ATLANTA MOTEL v. U.S." Heart of Atlanta
Motel v. U.S. The Oyez Project, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1964/1964_515>.

"Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States". Encyclopædia
Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 13 Jan. 2014
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/258476/Heart-of-Atlanta-Motel-v-United-States>.

"Heart of Atlanta - Misc. Photos." Heart of Atlanta - Misc.
Photos. Georgia State University, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.atlantatimemachine.com/downtown/heartofatl.htm>.



The Case
Amendments
14th amendment: States that everyone has the right to be free from discrimination, and have equal protection of the law. The United States argued their side with the 14th amendment stating that African Americans were being discriminated against by the motel.

5th amendment: The manager of the motel argued that his 5th amendment rights were being violated because he should be able to operate his business as he wished. He also said it was an unjust deprivation of his property without due process of law.

13th amendment: The manager also argued that the 13th amendment was being violated because he was being treated as if he were a slave to the government because they were telling him that he needed to allow African Americans into his hotel.
Why is this case important?
Why a landmark case?
This case is a landmark case because this decided that public places had no "right" to select guest as they saw fit.

Why important today?
This case is important today because it has given everyone the right to be allowed into public places and has set a
precedent
for future cases that are about discrimination. The
judicial
branch had to interpret the commerce clause and they defined interstate commerce.
The Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States was argued on Monday, October 5, 1964. The motel refused to accept African American customers. The United States was upset by this because they thought that this refusal was violating the 14th amendment, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, the manager thought that forcing him to allow African Americans into his hotel was violating his rights that were stated in the
constitution
.
In the case of Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc v. United States, the supreme court sided with the United States. They won the case 9-0.
Facts
The
Chief Justice
presiding in this case was Earl Warren
This was a
civil
case because there is no crime involved
The
plaintiff
is the Heart of Atlanta Motel
The
defendant
is the United States


Today, we are unable to discriminate against people by refusing to service them. If this case would not have occurred and the
opinion
of the supreme court was different, there is no telling what kind of discrimination could still be happening in the United States.
Impact
One of the biggest arguments the U.S. had was that because the motel was in the middle of Atlanta, it was a place of public accommodation and it had "a direct and substantial relation to the interstate flow of goods and people". This is what helped give a full meaning to interstate commerce.
Interstate Commerce
Case
The Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States
Date
1964
Issue
Importance
The case defined interstate commerce, and set a precedent for future discrimination cases.
Can the feds require a hotel to serve African American customers?
Who won?
Citations
NetState. "Earl Warren - People of California." Earl
Warren - People of California. Nstate, LLC, 27 June 2013. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.netstate.com/states/peop/people/ca_ew.htm>.

"[U.S. Supreme Court Justices]." [U.S. Supreme
Court Justices]. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3c13496/>.

"America’s “Free” Markets (the Startling Historical
Truth)." The American Vision. Joel McDurmon, 10 Nov. 2011. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://americanvision.org/5333/americas-free-markets-the-startling-historical-truth/>.

"The University of Texas School of Law Tarlton Law Library Jamail
Center for Legal Research." Tarlton Law Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. <http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/clark/heart_long.html>.
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