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New Media Art

AP Art History Non-Western Project analyzing the impact and legacy of New Media Art.

Crissy Peters

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of New Media Art

Jaume Plensa, "Crown Fountain," Chicago, Illinois, 2004. Interactive public work.
a black granite reflecting pool placed between a pair of 50-foot glass brick towers
interactive videos synced with the fountain to show people spitting out a fountain of water
highlights Plensa's themes of dualism, light, and water, extending the use of video technology from his prior works
by using faces, he can represent the diversity of the city both in ethnicity and in age.
The artist portrays the sociocultural evolution of the city by updating the collection of images
Transparency Grenade, Julian Oliver, 2012. Internet technology.
Ken Knowlton, "Studies in Perception I," photomosaic,1960.
photomosaic - creating large prints from collections of small symbols or images
created an image of a reclining nude, by scanning a photograph with a camera and converting the analog voltages to binary numbers which were assigned typographic symbols based on halftone densities
historical context: during cold war; existence of consumerist culture
connection: reclining female nude - compare to Venus of Urbino, Olympia, Canova's Paulina Borghese, etc.
Golan Levin & Zachary Lieberman, "The Manual Input Sessions," 2004. Interactive and Digital Art.
use of interactive software, analog overhead projectors, and digital computer video projectors
camera system observed shadows cast by the performers hands with the overhead projector which generated and controlled responsive graphics and synthetic sound processes
shows the expressive possibilities of hand gestures and finger movements
basically fancy shadow puppets
Ed Emshwiller, "Sunstone," 1979. Computer animation.
revolutionary in the science of computer animation
required extensive knowledge of computer algorithms to create movement, form, textures, and color
tries to inspire; restricted by the technology of the time
connection: value of the sun in theology and art (particularly the ancient near east)
Nancy Burson & David Kramlich, "Human Race Machine," 2001. Interactive computer program.
a computerized console composed of four different programs which allows user to take a photo and change their race/appearance
Asian, Black, Hispanic, Indian, Middle Eastern, and White
primarily used as a diversity tool to discuss issues of race and ethnicity; examine personal identity - a concept resulting from cultural interaction
"We are all one race, the human one; one nationality called humanity. We are all the different hues of man."
a genre that encompasses artworks created with new media technologies, including:
a prezi by Crissy, Aiyana, and Reizl
Nervous System-Hyphae Lamps, Jessica Rosencrantz and Jesse, 2007. Computer art.
Organic table lamps based on how veins form in leaves grown by an algorithm
Each lamp is unique as a result of a computer simulation and then 3D printing
The artists are production designers with backgrounds in mathematics and software engineering
Inspired by science- use the discoveries of science and the tools of engineering for expressive ends
This is the result....
-digital art
-computer graphics
-computer animation
-Internet art

-interactive art
-video games
-computer robotics
-art as biotechnology
The origins of new media art can be traced to the moving photographic inventions of the late 19th century such as:
the zoetrope (1834)
the praxinoscope (1877)
Eadweard Muybridge's zoopraxiscope (1879)
Euardo Kac, "Genesis", Ars Electronica, 1999. Art as biotechnology.
Maurice Benayoun, "World Skin Virtual Reality Interactive Installation," 1997. Interactive art.
G.H. Hovagimyan, A SoapOpera for Laptops, 1998
Gopakumar R P, Linguistics River, 2012. Internet Art.
Michael Demers, Color Field Paintings, 2009. Internet art.
formation of "artist gene" that Kac created by translating a quote from the biblical book of Genesis into Morse code and then into DNA base pairs
when added to the DNA of bacteria, a mutation is caused that results in the bacteria to glow
glowing bacteria is projected as a live video
Morse code used because it is symbolic of the beginnings of the technology era and the biblical quote was used because it states that man should have dominion over nature and Kac has translated this quite literally
virtual reality simulator where participants are transported to a war ravaged land
gamers become visitors of war and are handed cameras
when a picture is taken, a blank silhouette appears where the image was captured, having the image literally be taken
connection: Benayoun's statement on war is similar to Goya's Third Of May because they both depict the suffering of innocents and the pain of fighting
interactive art reflecting the violent society
The Linguistics River is a virtual river where the visitors personal thoughts, memories, or feelings are typed in and then saved
The concept comes from the thought that rivers constantly changing and by adding to the Linguistics River, you cause the changes
interactive art
connection: The Treachery of Images through the manipulation of ideas - the river is actually data; the pipe is not a pipe, but a painting = reaction to surrealism?
spectator takes the role of a creator and creator turns to viewer
consists of vertical browser windows that goes across the screen from right to left
colors are randomly selected by the program although the possible set of colors are determined the artist
lasts ten seconds, a statement on the ephemeral nature of internet art.
connection: color to portray meaning like post-impressionist artists
interaction with technology
impact of consumer culture
increased availability of information
nature and the human body
speed and ease of communication
Part of a new media art exhibit in Beijing called "Translife"
A piece of architecture outside of the exhibit that contains weather themed works by young artists around the world that all use the same real time climatic data from global weather sensors
Inside is a "Solar Wind Periscope" which can be looked through in order to give a visual of extraterrestrial weather conditions based on info. gathered over radio signals
Performative Ecologies, Ruari Glynn, China, 2011. Interactive technology.
Also from the Beijing "Translife" exhibit
Hanging robots with illuminated sticks that perform dances based on the viewers facial expressions
A environmental investigation on gestural forms of dialogue between inhabitants and an interactive environment
Examines what it means for us to observe and to be observed by machinery
Optic Echo, Aaron Oldenburg, 2011. Interactive video game.
The first IBM-PC invented (Personal Computer)
The Apple Macintosh 128k is introduced
Windows program invented by Microsoft
The world wide web is released publically
The first mass produced GMC (Global System for Mobile Communications) mobile phone is released
Google is founded
1st Generation of iPod is released
Intel Express Chipsets (increased streaming capabilities)

Peter Goldmark and CBS researchers demonstrate to the press their colour television system
The first poloroid camera was sold to the public
The first video tape recorder (VTR) is invented
Jack Kilby successfully demonstrates the first working integrated example of a Mircochip.
The first operating liquid-crystal display (LCD) was developed.
An echolocation-based video game with a voice-activated silent soundscape
Does not have sound so the player must use their voice to find their way
The world the game takes place in is invisible and is made visible by sound
The intention is to make visuals that are rendered in the way the audio is experienced.
first photograph on camera obscura
Louis Daguerre and J.N. Niepce co-invent Daguerreotype photography
Lumière Brothers invent the portable motion-picture camera
John Logie Baird demonstrates the world's first practical television system
User names, hostnames, IP addresses, unencrypted email fragments, web pages, images and voice extracted from this data are put in an online, public map in order to show the location of its detonation.
contains tiny computer, microphone and wireless antenna that sorts through network traffic and sends it to another server to be sorted again
purpose: internet security and propagandistic
'The lack of Corporate and Governmental transparency has been a topic of much controversy in recent years, yet our only tool for encouraging greater openness is the slow, tedious process of policy reform. Presented in the form of a Soviet F1 Hand Grenade, the Transparency Grenade is an iconic cure for these frustrations, making the process of leaking information from closed meetings as easy as pulling a pin." -
Julian Oliver
This can be connected to the literal translations of the bible from the early Renaissance and Renaissance, such as how Moses was literally translated to have horns coming from his head and the depictions of the Annunciation.
Consists of four laptops on radio-controlled cars that are mounted on custom loud-speaker trailers
Uses voice recognition and text-to-speech as well as max programming, making the vehicles performers
The laptops can partake in conversation with one another and the artist as well-and even sing!
A pitch tracking software allows for them to hear a string of notes and sing along and key words trigger certain responses which gives the illusion of natural conversation.
Weather Tunnel, Ma Yansong, 2011, China.
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