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Daily Life in Ancient Rome
Transcript of Daily Life in Ancient Rome
Patricians are the wealthy people. Plebians are 90% of Romans. They are people from middle class to the very poor. Roman Families:
Families consisted of a father, mother, and all unmarried children.
The father had the authority.
Sons could inherrit and own things once their father died.
Girls had to be just at the age of 12 and boys 14 to marry. Family has been important to the Romans since the beggining of Rome. Roman Houses:
If you were poor you lived in plain, simple flats or apartments.
If you were rich you lived in a single-story house around an atrium, which is a central hall, which is inside but has no roof. The rich citizens houses were very decorated with gardens, colored walls and mosiacs.
The furniture in both, rich and poor, was very simple.
Water was piped straight to the houses of the rich. Slaves: Slaves were very important to everyone. They were people who were captured in battle or abandoned children. They could be bought at market places.
25% of all roman people were slaves. It was almost in possible to not be a slave for life. Slaves had to raise the same amount of money, to become free. They worked from morning to night. Education: Education was extremly important to the Ancient Romans. The rich citizens had a formal education while the poor did not, but they usually learned to read and write. The rich had tutors. Roman schools were usually extensions on shops. Schools were not free. When girls were about eleven they were done with school. Most boys continued school and all girls went home to learn how to run a home. Calenders: Roman calenders were only based on ten months and 304 days. The other 61 days were discoverd later and were left alone and happened sometime during the winter months. Toys: Roman toys consisted of rattles, scooters, jump ropes, yo yos, see saws, swings, kites, and dolls made from wax or clay, and that is only for the girls. Boys played with tic-tac-toe, knuckles bones (simaliar to jacks but with bones). They also played war with wooden swords and leapfrog. At the age of seven boys and girls started school. Children living in whealthy families were taught by an educated slave. If your parents couldn't afford a slave you had to go to school. Roman citizens who took walks, were going to school, or going to work crowded the streets every morning. Clothes: Romans sometimes wore tunics. They were long, white, two-piece, with short or long sleeves. A long tunic that was too long and reached the ankles was unsuitable for men. They were worn only in the house. When they went out they changed into togas. Togas were difficult to wear correctly so they had their slaves help them. Food: Romans ate three basic meals per day.
Breakfast, the second breakfast and dinner. Foods like cheese, fruit, bread, milk or wine were eaten at breakfast. The second breakfast was usually leftover's from the day before. Dinner consisted of meat, fish with vegtables, fresh or dried fruit and wine. Entertainment:
For the rich feasts, public lectures, literary sets, sports and circus games. A main attraction was chariot racing. People also went to amphitheaters. Here poeple watche gladiators. Also people went to theaters to watch plays. Roman Families:
Family was very important to the Ancient Romans. They consisted of a mother, a father, all unmarried children, and any slaves. The whole family lived in one house. Old age was honored and respected. The oldest male in the family, had the finnal say in all decisions. Women were well respected. They had the right to shop at the market. Wealthy women could own property. The son couldn't inherit anything or own anything until the father died. To marry girls could be 12 and up and boys could be 14 and up. Children were named when they were already 10 days old. Woman had no authority unless they were in their homes, and everyone in one family lived under one roof. Boys became citizens when they were 16 or 17. When you bacame a citizen it was a very big deal. They would celebrate by dressing in a white tunic, that there father would adjust for them. At the end of the day there father would hold a dinner party in honor of them becomming a citizen. Roman Houses:
Poor people in Rome lived in flats. They had two rooms at the most. Rich people lived in single-story houses. They were built around an atrium, which is a room in the center of the house without a roof. Furniture was very simple for both classes. Water was piped straight to houses. Ancient Roman Slaves:
Slaves were very important to Ancient Romans. Slaves could be people who were captured in battle and sent back to Rome or abandoned children, could be brought up as slaves. Slaves were bought at the market place. Once a slave was bought, they were a slave for life unless they raised the amount of money that their owner had paid for them. Or if your owner gave you freedom. Usually this was far from possible. If slaves married and had children, their children automatically became slaves. 25% of the people in Ancient Rome were slaves. A rich man could have 500 hundred slaves and an emporer could have 2,000. Slaves worked in farming, businesses, and public buildings. Roman Education:
Education was extremely important to the ancient Romans. The poor did not have a formal education, but many still learned to read and write.
The rich were taught by tutors.
Schools were mainly for boys only, and they were just extentions on shops. Learning in school was based on fear. Books in ancient Rome were on rolls of paper, called scrolls. Children were in school until about the age of 11. Wealthy boys could continue school. Roman Calenders:
The Roman Calender is based on ten months and 304 days. The other 61 days were discovered later and basically ignored. They occured sometime during the winter season. Toys:
Roman children played with all kinds of toys. Some were:
dolls made from wax or clay
carts hitched to goats, ponies, or dogs
models of animals and people
hoops with pieces of metal on them like bells
knucklesbones - pretty much jacks with bones
odd or even - A child held stones in a closed hand. The other guessed if the objects in their hand was an odd or even number. Roman Clothing:
A tunic was very common. It was a long white shirt made of two white peices of cloth. It could have long or short sleeves. They were worn only in the house, they wore a toga if they wanted to leave the house. It was three meters wide and 6-7 meters long. Both were made of cotton. For shoes, in the house the Romans would wear sandals called "soleae".
Roman girls always had to wear a plain tunic with a belt on there waist. If the girls went outside they had to put on a second tunic that went down to there feet. When childern were born they were given a special locket that they wore around their neck called a "bulla". Girls didn't take off their bulla until their eve of their wedding day, and boys wore theirs until they became a citizen. Roman Food:
Ancient Romans had three basic meals a day.
Breakfast came first and usually consisted of cheese, fruit, bread, milk or wine. The second breakfast came next. It was not served, it was just meals from the day before. After the second breakfast came dinner. Dinner was usually served by their slaves. Dinner consisted of many different meats, fish with vegtables, snacks, fresh or dried fruit, and wine.
For the poor meals usually were porridge or bread with meat and vegtables.
Pastries, cakes, and bread were always cooked in the home in ancient Rome. Roman Entertainment:
Wealthy Romans spent their time on feasts, public lectures, literary sets, sports and circus games. Sometimes they watched plays in open air theaters. State festivals including shows in the theatres, races, and fights in the arenas. They could go to the Colosseum where they watched gladiators fight. They went to the baths for hours at some times. The Circus Maximus was basically a chariot race track in rome. The Campus was basically a track and feild playground. They could go to the Forum which was the main marketplace and business center. They also had very many games, festivals and holidays. Patricians and Plebeians:
Patricains were wealthy land owners, who were considered upper class.
Plebeians were lower class. It included the very poor all the way up to tradesman. A wealthy plebeian family and a wealthy patrician family never met socially. Both classes spoke the same language. Roman Pets:
Dogs were the most common and favorite pets.
A lot of people had birds as pets. Some of those
birds were pigeons, ducks, quail, and geese. Some
monkey's were pets but they were not common. Roman Festivals:
Romans had many festivals. Some important ones were Bona Dea, Lupercalia, Consualia, and Saturnalia.
Celebrated: February 13-15
Reason: To fend off evil spirits and purify the city.
Celebrated: August 21
Reason: Established by Romulus, Honors Consus, the god of counsel, Neptune, and Mars. Ancient Roman Jobs:
Jobs in Ancient Rome were based on status.
Fishing (as investors)
Religion Daily Life in Ancient Rome Roles of Roamn Men:
The most distinduished people in Ancient Rome were the men. They had the best clothes so all of the ctizens would know that the men had a higher status then any other Romans. They were the masters of the house and family. Roles of Roman Woman:
Men and woman both wore long togas. Woman were supposed to stay at home every day and do all of the chores. They also had to watch the childern while there husbands were at work. The End By: Marissa and Sydney