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Bruner and Vygotsky

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Rael Okeri

on 29 March 2014

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Transcript of Bruner and Vygotsky

Similarities and differences
Bruner and Vygotsky
-They both point that children understand through past environment.
- Another similarity is that both insist that there is no separation between the mental and social aspect of growth
Differences
Bruner believes that students learn better if they acquire the information themselves by active participation. He emphasizes that this can happen with scaffolding interaction, the teacher should only give help when necessary and at the right time
- Vygotsky on the ther hand believes that students should never acquire information independently, he felt that problem occurred when the teachers left too much for the students to carry out on their own
Bruner and Piaget
Similarities and differences
The most outstanding similarities between Bruner and Piaget is that they are both constructivist in nature. They both believed that a student learns best when he or she is actively engaged. The student or child acts on objects and events within the environment. In the process of acting upon objects, the learner gains understanding and gets meaning of these objects and events
Bruner and Piaget require that teachers know the level or stage of learning that the students are before they assign them any activity. They both demand that learners interact with their teachers, parents, and peers.
Both Boruner and Vygotsky put great emphasis on the child's environment. They both recommended social environment for the learners, they indicate that adults should be involved actively in helping children to learn.
-Bruner and Vygotsky see the importance of social nature learning.
They believe that other people should help children with their skills through scaffolding. Scaffolding is breaking up the learning into chunks and then providing a tool or structure with each chunk. This makes learning easier. They both use schemas which illustrates a systematized arrangement of ideas and conduct.

Reference
1. Dastous, M. R. (2004). Bruner Vs. Vygotsky: An analysis of divergent theories. Cognitive Learning Theories. 1-8
2. Williams, R. T. Social cognitive theories of Jean Piaget and Jerome Bruner. 41. 117-123
Differences
The most profound difference between Bruner and Piaget is that Piaget felt that human beings go through 4 stages , he gave the ages for every stage and a set and automatic process, while Bruner did not believe in the stages. Bruner only defines different representation or ways
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