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How Are Mobiles Affecting Our Social Interactions?
Transcript of How Are Mobiles Affecting Our Social Interactions?
Image by Tom Mooring
How Are Mobiles Affecting Our Social Interactions?
By Gabriella Armit
Proactive solutions to mobile usage are a lot more effective than restricting all mobile usage as they try to contain the problem before it get out of hand.
Restricting mobile usage such as the cutting off of WiFi only makes people want to use their mobiles more, as the saying says “absence makes the mind grow fonder."
What did I research?
Almost every teenager owns a mobile phone in today's society.
I focused on how the increase of mobile usage has lead to a decrease in face-to-face interaction and there affects, specifically with teens individually, with family, and with friends.
Solitary confinement is forced upon someone but social isolation is something we choose to participate in. [ 1 ]
Humans are social beings who are supposed to go out and interact with one another not with a slab of plastic.
How Are we engaging in social isolation?
Interproximate and Interkenistic communication
Through the Presumption of Privacy, body language, and social status. [ 2 ]
The Striatum controls our habits which means
habits are physiological.
When we always sending/recieve messages
or check our phones it becomes a habit.
[ 3 ]
Mobiles at School
Research done by the Kaiser Family Foundation in 2008 had found that there was a connection between the time spent on mobiles and the grades received. [ 4 ]
Can be used as a cheating devices as well as a way to raise social status. [ 5 ]
Teens who sleep next to their phone are most likely to use them throughout the night, and fall asleep while on the device.
9 hours of sleep is recommended for teens or sleep deprivation could occur. [ 6 ]
Sleep deprivation can cause problems with physical, emotional, and cognitive functioning. [ 6 ]
The Importance of family
“Family is the natural primary and fundamental unit group of society...most important source of security, love, belonging, and identity.” - Siobhan McGrath, author of “The Impact of New Media Technologies on Social Interaction in the Household."
[ 7 ]
Individualization through “digital divides", “bedroom culture", placement of technology, and the portability of technology. [ 7 ]
A QSI parent mentioned that “(her children) don’t listen to me because they are playing or texting someone else” and in public family spaces uninvited “guests”, the people on the other side of the phone, suddenly join in when they are not supposed to.
Poorer family relations can be seen as due to the invention of the mobile phone and the rise of mobile usage in both teens and parents.
An experiment conducted by Robert S. Weisskirch in 2008 showed that there was less truthfulness when parents always called their children [ 8 ]
Teens feel as though they "competing with computer screens or iPhone screens or any kind of technology," when parents are always using. [ 9 ]
Texting vs calling
Mobiles allow teens to communicate 24/7 with video chat (Facetime and Skype), texting ( Whatsapp and Line), and social media (Facebook and Twitter).
In 2010 85% of teens that owned a mobile phone sent an average of 50 texts a day. [ 10 ]
In 2012 68% of 1030 teens said they preferred to text as it is quicker, easier, and more private. [ 11 ]
A New Language
"Penmanship for illiterates"
Cyber-bullying is becoming the leading bullying technique and is arguably more dangerous than “traditional bullying." [ 14 ]
Feelings include sadness, anxiety, depression, anger, shame, fear, frustration, low self-esteem, trust issues, social isolation, and in some rare cases suicide. [ 14 ]
313 13-year old Australian students were tested on their cognitive thinking by Australian Physiologists in 2008.
The study found that the students with mobiles had a poorer memory but a quicker response. The theory that the researchers suggested was that mobiles “correlates with impulsivity”. Teens text faster without thinking just as they did during these cognitive tests. [ 12 ]
"Emancipation" & Identity
“Emancipation"- mobiles have allowed teens to become more independent and have more freedom with their social lives without the supervision of their parents. [ 13 ]
Three identities; one with family, one with friends, and one online. Fake online identities only show the “perfect" aspects of your life, reducing others self-esteem.
[ 1 ] Bernstein Sharon. “California Lawmakers Hold Hearing on Prison Solitary Confinement Policy.” Reuters. Reuters, 9th October 2013. Web. 23rd October 2013. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/10/10/us-usa-california-prisons-idUSBRE99901T20131010
[ 2 ] Omotayo Banjo, Yifeng Hu, S. Shyam Sundar. “Cell Phone Usage and Social Interaction with Proximate Others: Ringing in a Theoretical Model.” The Open Communication Journal, 2008. Page 127-135. Print. http://php.scripts.psu.edu/users/o/o/oob100/127TOCOMMJ.pdf
[ 3 ] Cohen, Elizabeth. “Do You Obsessively Check Your Smartphone?” CNN. CNN. Web, July 28th 2011. January 30th 2014. http://edition.cnn.com/2011/HEALTH/07/28/ep.smartphone.obsessed.cohen/
[ 4 ] Rideout J. Victoria, Foeher G. Ulla, Roberts F. Roberts. “Generation M2 Media in the Lives of 8-to 18-Year-Olds”. The Kaiser Research Foundation. Washington, 2010. Book. 16th September 2013. http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/mh012010presentl.pdf
[ 5 ] Campbell, Marilyn. “The Impact of the Mobile Phone on Young People’s Social Life.” School of Learning and Professional Studies, Queensland University of Technology, Ed. 28th October 2005. Eprints. Web. 16th September 2013. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/3492/1/3492.pdf
[ 6 ] Phillips, Suzanne PsyD. “Teens Sleeping With Cell Phones: A Clear and Present Danger.” This Emotional Life. PBS. January 18th 2014. http://www.pbs.org/thisemotionallife/blogs/teens-sleeping-cell-phones-clear-and-present-danger
[ 7 ] McGrath, Siobhan. “The Impact of New Media Technologies on Social Interaction in the Household.” Sociology NUI Maynooth. Department of Sociology National University of Ireland Maynooth, 19th April 2012. Web. 6th November 2013. http://www.nuim.ie/sites/default/files/assets/document/SiobhanMcGrath.pdf
[ 8 ] Weisskirch, Robert S. “Parenting by Cell Phone: Parental Monitoring of Adolescents and Family Relations.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence. Volume 38, Issue 8, 2009. Page 1123-1139. Print. 6th April 2014. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10964-008-9374-8
[ 9 ] Henn, Steve. “When Parents Are The Ones Too Distracted By Devices.” NPR/ NPR, 16th April 2014. Web. 17th April 2014. http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/04/16/303749247/when-parents-are-the-ones-too-distracted-by-devices?utm_medium=Email&utm_source=npr_email_a_friend&utm_campaign=storyshare
[ 10 ] Santo, Michael. “Adult Text Messaging Use Rises to 72 Percent, but Teens Still Rule.” Examiner. ASX Network, 6th September 2010. Web. 6th April 2014. http://www.examiner.com/article/adult-text-messaging-use-rises-to-72-percent-but-teens-still-rule
[ 11 ] MarketingCharts Staff. “Only Half of Teens Prefer Interacting With Friends In Person.” MarketingCharts. Watershed Publishing, June 27th 2012. Web. January 13th 2014. http://www.marketingcharts.com/wp/topics/demographics/only-1-in-2-teens-prefer-communicating-with-friends-in-person-22475/
[ 12 ] Baron, Dennis. “Cell Phones Make Kids Faster, Dumber.” The Web of Language. University of Illinois, August 12th 2009. Web. January 13th 2014. http://illinois.edu/blog/view/25/7039?displayType=month&displayMonth=200908
[ 13 ] Ling Rich. “Children, Youth, and Mobile Communication.” Journal of Children and Media. Volume 1, Issue 1, 2007. Pages 60-67. Print. 21st October 2013. http://www.richardling.com/papers/2007_Journal_of_child_and_media.pdf
[ 14 ] “The Dangers of Cyberbullying.” PureSight: Online Child Safety. PureSight. Web. January 13th 2014. http://puresight.com/Cyberbullying/the-dangers-of-cyber-bullying.html
[ 15 ] “Acceptable Use Policies.” iSafe. iSAFE- America Inc. Web. 12th April 2014. http://www.isafe.org/imgs/pdf/education/AUPs.pdf
[ 16 ] “Dalbeattie High School: Acceptable Use Policy for Mobile Phones v1.6.” Dalbeattie High. Dumgal Gov, February 2010. Web. 12th April 2014. http://www.dalbeattiehigh.org/Mobile%20Phone%20Policy.pdf
[ 17 ] Russell, Annie. “No Laptops, No Wi-Fi: How One Café Fired Up Sales.” All Tech Considered. NPR, 10th April 2014. Web. 13th April 2014. http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/04/10/300518819/no-laptops-no-wi-fi-how-one-cafe-fired-up-sales
Interproximate- When you are phsychically with someone. Such as the communication at school among friends.
Interkinesic- When you are phsychically with someone but also virtually with someone. For example if you are talking face-to-face with a friend but at the same time texting another.
[ 2 ]
Acceptable Use Policy (AUP)- are a set of guidelines agreed to between the student and school regarding technology use. [ 15 ]
Dalbeattie High School in the United Kingdom has a very effective and likable AUP from a students perspective. Mobiles are allowed to be used but only during appropriate times or consequences will be reinforced. [ 16 ]
For the most effective outcome advertising the AUP will allow everybody to know and remember the guidelines.
When with family or friends activities are proactive ways of being with them without the interruptions of mobile phones and leave no time for mobiles to be used or even to be bought along.
Family activities and trips that are fun will keep teens occupied, hopefully not bored, and reduce the temptation of mobile phones.
After school clubs with friends leave no time for mobile use especially if it is a sport.
Friends & Family