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California Gold Rush
Transcript of California Gold Rush
brandished a bottle filled with gold dust
around San Francisco shouting
'Gold! Gold! Gold
from American River!' The residents of the city now had proof of the discovery and the stampede to the gold fields was on. San Francisco's harbor was soon cluttered with derelict ships deserted by their crews.
Workers abandoned their jobs
- San Francisco's two newspapers were
forced to close their doors as their staffs were struck by
" - Excerpt from, "Discovery of Gold Report of Colonel Mason - 1848"
Levi Strauss Facts
~Born February 26, 1829
~Died September 26, 1902
~San Francisco, California
~Of German-Jewish descent
~First to manufacture blue jeans
"Seeing the Elephant"
Levi Strauss & Co.
~Founded by Levi Strauss
~San Francisco 1853
~sold blankets, handkerchiefs, clothing & dry goods
~1872, Jacob Davis started to put rivets on overalls
~Jacob Davids wanted rivets on jeans
~asked Levi if he could make them for him
~May 20 1873, first pants with rivets were made
~pants were called "XX" but were renamed 501
~rivets made pants stronger
~Born October 8, 1810
~Hopewell Township, New Jersey
~Died August 10, 1885
~Of English descent
~First to report gold had been found
~Boomtowns would appear near places where there was thought to be gold.
~Depend on resource that caused the boom
~Boomtown = a frontier town that is quickly built.
-James Marshall was the first person to discover gold in the state of California
-After his discovery people all over the world traveled eagerly in hopes to strike riches
-Struck gold in 1848 while searching by the mill
-Attempted to create practical recognition for his discovery
~Born Feburary 18, 1803
~Died June 18, 1880
~Established Sutter's Mill
~Gold was found at his mill
-Located in present day Coloma, California the bank of the South Fork American River
-Sawmill owned John Sutter in partnership with James Marshall
-Approximately 300,000 people came to California in hopes to strike riches or sell their products
Chinese immigrants and
California Gold Rush
~1848 the first Chinese arrived in San Francisco
~Most immigrants were illiterate
~sailed to California from China
~dreamed of riches and new possibilities
~farmers lost land after Opium War
~high taxes forced peasants to leave
~years of floods caused economic depression
~1852 was a year of terrible harvest year
Who? - Thousands of gold miners traveled through sea and land all in hopes to find riches
When? - January 24, 1848 – 1855
Where? - Began at Sutter's Mill, soon spread to present day Northern California
Role in Gold Rush
California Gold Rush
-Throughout 1849 people located all over the world traveled to California risking things in the pursuit of gold
-Gold Mining towns had appeared around the region seeking their own fortune
-Developed a large economy and became the main metropolis for the frontier
-Population was approximately 100,000
~PBS - The West, “James Marshall”
Wikipedia, “James W. Marshall”
Wikipedia, “John Sutter”
Wikipedia, “Sutter’s Mill”
History, “The Gold Rush of 1849”
University of California Berkley “The Chinese in California, 1850 - 1925"
Levi Strauss & Co. "History and Heritage"
PBS: American Experience "The Gold Rush"
Gold Rush Nuggets "Types Gold Mining Equipment"
The Gold Rush "Discovery of Gold" pg. 27
California's History "Immigration" pg 43
-The epuipment included picks, shovels, pans, guns, rope, saw, axe, wheelbarrow, and knifes.
-Shake the pan holding gravel hoping to find gold within it
-Sluice boxes were owned almost by all the miners as well as pans which would allow a person to obtain for gold than the pan alone
*Chinese took over empty claims and lived in groups like communities
*Chinese camps brought tourist
*Foreign Miners Tax made the Chinese pay taxes to mine
*Brought in $5,000,000
*Chinese gave California one-forth of its revenue
*At first they were laborers, but then they would buy claims
*After men became rich women started to immigrate and became "Gold Mountain Wives
"Gentlemen I wish to make you a Proposition that you should take out the Latters Patent in my name as
I am the Inventor
of it, the expense of it will be about $68, all complit and
for these $68 I will give you half the right to sell all such Clothing Revited
according to the Patent...But nevertheless I knew you can make up pents the way I do." -J.W. Davis 1872
Forty-Niner's Original Home Countries
Life in Gold Mining Camps
Staking a claim
Impact of Gold Rush
- Brought many new job opportunities which helped the economy
-Businesses began to form after miners didn't find gold and need to make a living
-San Francisco became the most rapidly growing city
-1845=400 people.....1860=56,000 people
-Some families saw the gold rush as an opportunity to make money from farming
- They provided wool, dairy products, beef, hay, beans, apples, pears and various grains.
-Farming families got richer than gold miners because they had a big demand to fill
-Most of these families still provide us with foods
The Forty-Niners had originated
from the following countries
Sandwich Islands "Hawaii"
At the end of 1848 (
immigrants had gone to
in search of fortune
Methods of Travel to California (Land)
Many people along the
had chosen to travel towards
instead of sailing, being the fact that sailing was either
weren't close enough to the sea.
However, going by land was a total of about
, and took anywhere from
Forty-Niners had taken the following routes
The California Trail
The Sante Fe Trail
The Mormon Trail
Methods of Travel to California
For others (East Coast/European Immigrants) however, their only choice was to sail to California.
Traveling to California could take anywhere from 4-8 months travelling on two main routes, either going around Cape Horn (Longer Route), or going through Isthmus Route (Quicker Route)
The term "Seeing the Elephant" had orginated from a tale, in which a farmer had seen the circus parade which featured an elephant, his wagon had gotten out of control, but had stated "I don't give a hang, for I have seen the elephant"
To gold miners, the elephant is a symbollic figure to high cost rewards/possibillities of misfortunes, with the exception being that no matter what hapens the sight and experience of gold is the adventure of a lifetime, like the sight of the elephant
-The miners had to deal with the loneliness and homesickness from being away from their family and the cities.
-Tension and competition became once it became hard to mine
-Deal with crowded areas while mining, living in isolated areas as well as being in fear of constant danger
-Staking a claim involves marking the claim boundaries
-Mining claims always began as "unpatented claim"
-Legal declaration of a desired control of land over certain areas or territories
-To recieve a patent the miner must prove that the land will end up in profit