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SDG Unit

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Jillian Campbell

on 5 December 2016

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Transcript of SDG Unit


Ecosystems Division
Science Division Seminar
Update on the Global Framework for the Sustainable Development Goals

December 2, 2016
01 Methodology and Reporting
- Custodian for 26 Sustainable Development Goal Indicators and supporting the development of many others
- Responsible for development methodologies, collecting data and reporting to the global indicator process
- Building synergies between the Sustainable Development Goals, the Multilateral Environment Agreements and international initiatives
- Research on emerging areas of environment statistics, including climate change, gender, ecosystem accounting, Oceans, chemicals and waste, and sustainable consumption and production
Three types of indicators:

Tier I: Methodology exists and data is being reported
Tier II and III: Methodological work still underway
Different levels of responsibility:

Custodian: UN Environment is responsible for developing the methods, collecting data from countries and reporting data to the global process
Involved: UN Environment is supporting the development or improvement of methodologies
01 Methodology and Reporting
Tier I
6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan
6.b.1 Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management
12.4.1Number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement I
14.5.1 Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas
15.1.2 Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

Tier II/III
6.3.2 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
6.5.1Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100)
6.6.1 Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time
8.4.1Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP
8.4.2Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP
12.1.1Number of countries with sustainable consumption and production (SCP) national action plans or SCP mainstreamed as a priority or a target into national policies
12.2.1Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP
12.2.2Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP
12.3.1 Global food loss index
12.4.2Hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatment
12.5.1National recycling rate, tons of material recycled
12.6.1 Number of companies publishing sustainability reports
12.7.1 Number of countries implementing sustainable public procurement policies and action plans
12.a.1 Amount of support to developing countries on research and development for sustainable consumption and production and environmentally sound technologies
12.c.1 Amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption) and as a proportion of total national expenditure on fossil fuels
14.1.1 Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density
14.2.1 Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches
15.4.1 Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
15.9.1 Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020
17.7.1 Total amount of approved funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies
17.14.1 Number of countries with mechanisms in place to enhance policy coherence of sustainable development


1.4.1 Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services
1.4.2 Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure
1.5.1 Number of deaths, missing person sand persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people
1.5.2Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP)
1.5.3Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies
2.4.1 Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture
2.5.1 Number of plant and animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in either medium or long-term conservation facilities
2.5.2 Proportion of local breeds classifieds being at risk, not-at-risk or at unknown level of risk of extinction
3.9.1 Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution
3.9.2 Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene (exposure to unsafe Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All (WASH)services)
3.9.3 Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning
4.7.1 Extent to which (I) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development, including gender equality and human rights, are mainstreamed at all levels in: (a) national education policies, (b) curricula, (c)teacher education and (d) student assessment
4.a.1 Proportion of schools with access to: (a) electricity; (b) the Internet for pedagogical purposes; (c) computers for pedagogical purposes; (d) adapted infrastructure and materials for students with disabilities; (e) basic drinking water;(f) single-sex basic sanitation facilities; and (g) basic hand washing facilities (as per the WASH indicator definitions)
5.a.1 (a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and(b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure
6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater safely treated
6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency overtime
6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources
7.a.1 Mobilized amount of United States dollars per year starting in 2020 accountable towards the $100 billion commitment
8.9.1 Tourism direct GDP as a proportion of total GDP and in growth rate
9.1.1 Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road
11.2.1 Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, byes, age and persons with disabilities
11.3.1 Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate
11.5.1 Number of deaths, missing person sand persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people
11.5.2 Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global GDP, including disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services
11.6.1 Proportion of urban solid waste regularly collected and with adequate final discharge out of total urban solid waste generated, by cities Tier II
11.6.2 Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g. PM2.5 and PM10)in cities (population weighted)
11.b.1 Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030a
11.b.2 Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies
12.3.1 Global food loss index
12.8.1Extent to which (I) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development (including climate change education) are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment
12.b.1 Number of sustainable tourism strategies or policies and implemented action plans with agreed monitoring and evaluation tools
13.1.1 Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies
13.1.2 Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people
13.2.1 Number of countries that have communicated the establishment oroperationalization of an integrated policy/strategy/plan which increases their ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change, and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development in a manner that does not threaten food production(including a national adaptation plan, nationally determined contribution, national communication, biennial update report or other)
13.3.1 Number of countries that have integrated mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning into primary, secondary and tertiary curricula
13.3.2 Number of countries that have communicated the strengthening of institutional, systemic and individual capacity-building to implement adaptation, mitigation and technology transfer, and development actions
13.a.1 Mobilized amount of United States dollars per year starting in 2020accountable towards the $100 billion commitment
14.3.1 Average marine acidity (pH)measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations
14.7.1 Sustainable fisheries as percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries
14.c.1 Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources
15.2.1 Progress towards sustainable forest management
15.3.1 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area
15.4.2 Mountain Green Cover Index
15.5.1 Red List Index
15.6.1 Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits
15.7.1 Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked
15.8.1 Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species
15.c.1 Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked
16.10.2 Number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information
17.18.1 Proportion of sustainable development indicators produced at the national level with full disaggregation when relevant to the target, in accordance with the Fundamental Principles of Official statistics

UN Environment Custodian
Cooperation and resource mobilization
UN Environment's work on statistics feeds in to the Inter-agency and expert group on the Sustainable Development Goals and the United Nations Statistical Commission
Indicators process:
- On 6 March 2015, at its 46th session, the United Nations Statistical Commission created an Inter-agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs), composed of Member States and including regional and international agencies as observers.
- The global indicator framework which has been agreed by all member states and will be the basis for the Secretary General's Sustainable Development Goal Report
Sustainable Development Goal indicator commitment of UN Environment
Head of UN Environment
Holds the mandate for UN Environment's implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, including the indicator work, as per General Assembly Resolution 70/1 and UNEA Resolution 2/5

Communication Division
Law Division
17.14.1 Number of countries with mechanisms in place to enhance policy coherence of sustainable development

Supports all communication on the Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, including promoting building awareness of the analysis and visualization




- Contribute to UNEP Live to provide users with access to Sustainable Development Goal
indicators, environmental data and assessments
- Promote data and statistics in UN Environment reports and assessments including the Global Environment Outlook
02 Analysis and visualization
03 Capacity building
- Provide tools and training to countries on measuring, monitoring and reporting on the environment
- Promote knowledge and best practice sharing on environment statistics and data dissemination following existing statistical standards and in line with the United Nations Statistical Commission
- Technical assistance for environment statistics and accounting, with specific links to promoting natural capital accounting and valuation
Supports efforts to build national and regional capacity to compile the Sustainable Development Goal Indicators




Regional Offices
Multilateral Environmental Agreements Secretariats
- Custodian for 26 Sustainable Development Goal indicators and involved in many others
- Responsible for developing methodologies, collecting data and reporting data to the global Sustainable Development Goal process
- Promoting synergies between the Sustainable Development Goals, the Multilateral Environment Agreements and international initiatives
- Research on emerging areas of environment statistics, including climate change, gender, ecosystem accounting, Oceans, chemicals and waste, and sustainable consumption and production
Requires a whole of UN Environment commitment
Basel, Rotterdam, Stockholm Conventions & Vienna Convention for the protection of the Ozone:
12.4.1Number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement
12.4.2Hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste
treated, by type of treatment
12.5.1National recycling rate, tons of material recycled

Convention on the Biodiversity:
15.6.1 Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed (Secretariat of the Convention, UN Environment is not involved in reporting on this indicator)
15.9.1 Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020
Economy Division
International Resource Panel:
8.4.1/12.2.1 Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP
8.4.2/12.2.2 Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP

Sustainable Lifestyles, Cities and Industry Branch (10Years Framework Programme) :
12.1.1Number of countries with sustainable consumption and production (SCP) national action plans or SCP mainstreamed as a priority or a target into national policies
12.3.1 Global food loss index (proposed indicator on food waste)
12.5.1National recycling rate, tons of material recycled
12.6.1 Number of companies publishing sustainability reports
12.7.1 Number of countriesimplementing sustainable public procurement policies and action plans
12.a.1 Amount of support to developing countries on research and development for sustainable consumption and production and environmentally sound technologies

Economics and Trade Branch :
12.c.1 Amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption) and as a proportion of total national expenditure on fossil fuels

Energy, Climate and Technology Branch :
17.7.1 Total amount of approved funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies
Freshwater, Land and Climate Change Branch :
6.3.2 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
6.5.1Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100)
6.6.1 Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time
6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan

Marine Ecosystems Branch :
14.1.1 Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density
14.2.1 Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches


World Conservation and Monitoring Center :
14.5.1 Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas
15.1.2 Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type
15.4.1 Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
Ecosystems Division
01 Methodology and reporting
The Global Environment Outlook
-New GEOs are designed to deliver a progress report to UNEA based on State and Trends and Policy Response chapters of the assessment.


Gender disaggregation and Spatial Imagery support the achievement of the SDGs
Gender
disaggregation
Spatial imagery
Clear overview of the impact of industrialization on the swamp (and biodiversity) area

Trends in spatial distribution, size, and fragmentation of wetlands can tell us much about wetland health over time.

Size reduction of Lake Chad due to climate change and human demand for water.
According to a study by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers, working with NASA's Earth Observing System program, the lake is now 1/20th of the size it was 35 years ago.

Africa’s Disappearing Lake Chad
Historic Maps of Flowed Meadow Swamp in the Metro-Boston area
Easy to access data through business intelligence tools
United Nations Environment Assembly of the United Nations Environment Programme
Resolution 2/5: Delivering on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development
National measurements evolution
World live data
Architecture of the Global Environment Outlook
Key design features :
Global Environment Outlook Development
Work Plan
January 2017
- Final work plans for Tier III indicators




February 2017
- Proposals regarding data disaggregation

March 2017
- United Nations Statistical Commission

March 2017- March 2018
- Working groupings: Statistical Data Meta eXchange (SDMX), Geospatial information, interlinkages
- Update work plans
- Review indicators and propose additional
indicators for March 2018 Statistical
Commission
- Review data availability
Ontologies
Mandate
The Inter-Agency Expert Group on Sustainable
Development Goals (IAEG-SDG) in October 2015)
requested UNEP to develop the SDG Interface Ontology
(SDGIO)

What is SDGIO
The SDGIO focuses on specifications of terms and their interrelations in the domain of the sustainable development goals, targets and indicators

Status
SDGIO Expert Group leads the work
First draft of the ontology and connect it with existing and
widely used ontologies. Currently, the SDGIO includes 102
terms with draft definitions and relations, and imports
10 external ontologies


Next step:
peer review of draft definitions

Outcomes:
Full transcript