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Origins and Effects of Jim Crow
Transcript of Origins and Effects of Jim Crow
of Jim Crow Originally performed in 1828 by its author, Thomas Dartmouth (“Daddy”) Rice, Jim Crow was the name of a minstrel routine (actually Jump Jim Crow).
Later Jim Crow developed into the former practice of segregating black people in the US.
Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system which operated primarily, but not exclusively in southern and border states, between 1877 and the mid-1960s. a. A black male could not offer his hand (to shake hands) with a white male because it implied being socially equal. Obviously, a black male could not offer his hand or any other part of his body to a white woman, because he risked being accused of rape.
b. Blacks and whites were not supposed to eat together. If they did eat together, whites were to be served first, and some sort of partition was to be placed between them.
c. Under no circumstance was a black male to offer to light the cigarette of a white female -- that gesture implied intimacy.
d. Blacks were not allowed to show public affection toward one another in public, especially kissing, because it offended whites.
e. Jim Crow etiquette prescribed that blacks were introduced to whites, never whites to blacks. For example: "Mr. Peters (the white person), this is Charlie (the black person), that I spoke to you about."
f. Whites did not use courtesy titles of respect when referring to blacks, for example, Mr., Mrs., Miss., Sir, or Ma'am. Instead, blacks were called by their first names. Blacks had to use courtesy titles when referring to whites, and were not allowed to call them by their first names.
g. If a black person rode in a car driven by a white person, the black person sat in the back seat, or the back of a truck.
h. White motorists had the right-of-way at all intersections.
Stetson Kennedy, the author of Jim Crow Guide (1990), offered these simple rules that blacks were supposed to observe in conversing with whites:
1. Never assert or even intimate that a white person is lying.
2. Never impute dishonorable intentions to a white person.
3. Never suggest that a white person is from an inferior class.
4. Never lay claim to, or overly demonstrate, superior knowledge or intelligence.
5. Never curse a white person.
6. Never laugh derisively at a white person.
7. Never comment upon the appearance of a white female. The Jim Crow Laws Effects of the
Jim Crow Laws Origins 1865 1877 The Reconstruction Era begins, as progress is made to improve the lives of African Americans. During this time period, new laws including the 13th, 14th, and 15th admendments are passed, abolishing slavery, allowing blacks to become citizens, and giving them the right the vote. All Reconstruction Era efforts come to a halt as as the corrupt Compromise of 1877 allows whites to regain control over blacks in the South. Plessy vs Ferguson By the 1890s, whites had once again retaken full control of the South through segregation. In this 1896 case, the United States Supreme Court accepts segregation by mandating that blacks were "seperate but equal." This law would stand for the next 70 years. 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education A landmark Supreme Court case, Brown vs. Board of Education declares segregation in schools unconstitutional. A major event in the fight for racial equality, the case marks the first time discrimination of any kind was deemed illegal. July 2, 1964 Signed into effect by Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964, this law finally ends segregation for good. With the law, African Americans are guaranteed the same rights and public services as whites. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Ideas Why.... ... Still continuing? What do you think the social and political climate was like in the United States at that time? Explain. Fear? Ignorance? Tradition? Does it effect us today?