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Top 10 Reasons For American Victory in the Revolution
Transcript of Top 10 Reasons For American Victory in the Revolution
Without France’s military power, the Americans would never have had the capacity of defeating the superior British army.
#3 The Battle of Saratoga
After the American victory at Saratoga, the French (and later Spain and Holland) realized that Britain could be defeated, and they joined the fight against the British.
The American colonists had a more powerful reason to fight, independence, while the British soldiers in America were simply fighting in order to go back home.
Since the British government was geographically separated from the places of battle, it was difficult for it to effectively manage and communicate with troops.
#6 Fighting on Home Soil
The British armies were not used to the climate and rugged terrain of America, so the colonists had the geographical advantage because they knew how to survive the land.
#2 The Battle of Yorktown
The British location on a peninsula at Yorktown enabled France’s navy to surround them and therefore make them surrender.
Top 10 Reasons for American Victory in the Revolution
#7 British Debt
The British were not looking for a long and costly war after all the debt they accumulated while fighting the Seven Years War. However, the colonists did not allow them to participate in as short of a conflict as they expected.
The Continental Army’s encampment at Valley Forge allowed the soldiers to recuperate and take a well needed break from fighting. By the time the encampment was over, the colonists were better fed and better funded, so they were better prepared to fight.
#8 Valley Forge
The British armies were not acclimated to guerilla warfare, which the colonists had used during their wars with the Indians. Therefore, the British could not defend themselves well against a fighting strategy they had never seen before. Washington’s use of these and other defensive strategies allowed for considerable American advantage.
#9 Guerilla Warfare
Although, the fact that the troops had significant moral support, this was not necessarily as influential as other decisive factors.
#10 Popular Support
Many colonists, even if they weren’t fighting, were supportive of the cause.
Popular support boosted morale among soldiers and encouraged them to push through the tough times.
Valley Forge allowed the army to recover and by the end of the encampment, morale was greatly boosted by better health and promised benefits.
The encampment at Valley Forge was during a very rough winter, and the soldiers suffered through cold, hunger, and disease.
Colonists first encountered guerilla warfare in their skirmishes with the natives. Washington decided to apply these surprise tactics in his battles with the British.
At first, the British were unable to defend themselves against guerilla warfare because they were not used to it. This allowed for some small American victories.
The British had garnered a lot of debt during the Seven Years War and could not afford to participate in another costly war.
Because of the unwillingness of the British to fund the war, by the end of the war the British were underfunded while the Americans were excellently supported.
As it is with any war, the group that is fighting on familiar terrain has a definite advantage.
The British soldiers were not accustomed to the geography and climate of the colonies while the colonists were, so this gave the colonists an advantage.
The British Empire and its colonies were separated by the vast Atlantic Ocean, a disadvantage to the British.
This large distance hindered the British from functioning at top gear.
American pride and nationalism allowed for a greater fighting moral.
Because they had a stronger force within themselves for wanting to win, it aided the colonists perseverance during the war.
This was a battle in 1777 in which the colonists gained a decisive victory over the British. This battle is called the turning point of the war.
It resulted in aid for America from the French.
A siege led by George Washington of the Continental Army and the French Army. It was an American victory.
This battle ended the Revolutionary War.
After the Battle of Saratoga, the French offered their aid in helping America secure its independence.
Without the aid of the French, the colonies wouldn’t have the resources, man-power, or strength to defeat the British.