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Psychology Timeline

A timeline of famous phychologists from 360 B.C to the 20th century
by

Chris Cole

on 28 September 2012

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Transcript of Psychology Timeline

By: Chris Cole The Early History: Philosophers and Scientists Aristotle and Plato were both Greek Philosophers during the 4th century B.C. 360 B.C- 320 B.C Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. He was also a student of Plato's. 1600- 1860 Psychology Timeline In 1600, René Descartes was a French philosopher during the Renaissance. He was a nativist like Plato and proposed the theory of nerves. John Locke Refereed to as the Father of Classical Liberalism. In the late 1600, he was a british philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz In the 1830's, he is known for his mathematics of the eye, theories of visions, ideas on the visuals perception of space, color vision research, and on the sensation of tone, perception of sound, and empiricism. Charles Darwin In 1860, he proposed the theory that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors. Pioneers of Psychology 1879 Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany. 1882 G. Stanley Hall made the first psychology lab in the United States at Johns Hopkins University and founded the American Psychological Association in 1892. 1885 One of Wundt's students, Edward Titchener used the method of introspection, which was looking inward to what psychology really was about, like the feelings and mental process is. 1888 Hermann Ebbinghaus, a German Psychologist that experimented the study of memory and discovered the forgetting curve and the spacing effect. 1890 William James was an American Psychologist that wrote the first comprehensive text book. "The most immutable barrier in nature is between one man's thoughts and another's." w 1895 Mary Whiton Calkins, was the first women to be ever elected president of the APA. 1900 Sigmund Freud, a Australian Physician, was the founding father of psychotherapy, which is now called psychoanalysis. "I cannot think of any need in childhood as strong as the need for a father's protection." 20th Century Psychology 1905 1910 1915 1920 1940 1950 1955 1960 1970 Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist that discovered classical conditioning. He demonstrated that dogs can do certain things at a particular time when a stimulus appeared. Margaret Floy Washburn was the first women to receive a Ph. D in psychology and wrote a book on animal behavior. Edwin Thorndike studied animal behavior and spent most of his career at Teachers College, Columbia University. John B. Watson is a American psychologist that created the first psychological school of behaviorism. "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select—doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors." B. F. Skinner helped prove the true meaning of behaviorism and invented the process of operant conditioning. "Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten." Jean Piaget studied intellectual growth in children and created the theory of genetic epistemology. "It is with children that we have the best chance of studying the development of logical knowledge, mathematical knowledge, physical knowledge, and so forth." Abraham Maslow is best known for creating the theory of self-actualization. "If you only have a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail." Noam Chomsky is an American linguist and philosopher. He has dedicated over 50 years to his work in linguistics. He helped psychology regain its popularity as it later became known as the science of behavior and mental processes. Carl Rogers has one of the biggest approaches towards psychology because he is one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy. "The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change." The End
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