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Culture & Currents of Thought: The Contemporary Period

Cultural developments between 1867-Present

John Panetta

on 16 March 2016

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Transcript of Culture & Currents of Thought: The Contemporary Period

John Panetta
Culture & Currents of Thought
The 1st Occupants
Spirituality and Animism
All things have a soul or spirit
spirits communicate with people
Aboriginal life will change with European contact
Created a harmonious relationship with nature
attitude of respect toward nature
human beings form a circle of life
association of animal totems with clans
Power animal
enters the soul
Elders helped individuals as they moved through these stages
not necessarily the oldest
based on wisdom, experience or talent
The Pow Wow and Sweat lodges were also used
included women and men
The circle also underpinned trade and hunting
The French Regime

Characterized by 2 main ideas
1. Absolutism
all power belongs to the monarch
2. Catholicism
But the reality of everyday life was:
Factors that explain the independent spirit of the Canadien
1. Distance from authority
2. Living amongst native cultures
3. Need to adapt to the environment
The essential element to New France
1. The Spiritual Element
i. established parishes
delivery of sermons
delivery of the sacraments
ii. established missions
Father Marquette in
present day Michigan
Evangelical work

2. The Social Element
Chateau St Louis
under Dufferin Terrace
to provide physical and emotional help to the colonists
schools reinforced the spiritual elements
Rogier van der Weyden, Seven Sacraments Altarpiece
3. The Political Element
supported the king's control over the people
the Divine right of kings: God's blessing on the monarch
The nobility
The 3rd Estate
The top 2% of the population directed the lives of the other 98%
1. Distance from the mother country
2. Having to adapt to a harsh climate
3. Interaction with Native cultures
The British Regime

This era was marked by many ideas
many ideas compete with each other
The change of empire will bring a clash of cultures
English Protestants become the ruling elite
French Catholics constitute the numerical majority
1. Imperialism
imposition of political structures
imposition of cultural practices and symbols
belief that Canada should always be loyal and obedient to England
2. Liberalism
Freedom of speech
Minority Rights
Period of Assimilation
rights of Catholics are limited
Guaranteed free practice of the Catholic faith
3. Ultramontanism
4. Anticlericalism
primacy of the church over the state
rejection of modernism and urbanization
Pontifical Zouave Papal Brigade, and a veteran of the battles against Garibaldi
135 Canadiens fought against the Risorgimento
against the influence of the Church
rejection of church intervention in society
challenged traditional values
The Contemporary Period
1867 - Present

A period dominated by many ideas.
1920's - 1930's
1940's - 1950's
1960' - 1970's
Quebec Nationalism
Focus on loyalty to England
Advocated distance from the Empire
Always associate him with early French Canadian Nationalism
Demands for recognition of women's rights
1. Civic Rights (1920s)
right to vote
3. Economic Rights
2. Social Rights
The principle objective is profit
private ownership
Laissez Faire approach: No Government intervention
The principle objective is the equal distribution of wealth
Based on State intervention in society
Promotion of rural life
rejection of the modern world
preservation of Catholic values and Canadien culture
Fascination with American way of life
purchasing of consumer products
admiration of individualism and economic success
Conservative ideology
Primacy of the church over the state
The church delivers important social services
Associate Maurice Duplessis
with this period
Liberal ideology
Limiting the influence of religion to the private sphere
Based on the principle that Quebec is a distinct society
a focus on safeguarding the French language
strict defenders of provincial jurisdiction
Revival and protection of Native culture and language
Adherence to a non-denominational character in public institutions
Link this to the
Quiet Revolution
How do these ideas spread
1. Immigration
2. Education
Formal & Informal
3. Media
any medium used to
transmit information
will challenge issues of:
1. National Identity
2. The roles of governments
3. Development of Individual Rights
The main issues that will divide them
The Boer War
The Naval Bill (1911)
The Great War
1914 - 1918
Canada was not an inclusive democracy
Women could not attend University

Women could not vote

Women were not recognized as "Persons"
The Suffragist movement made important gains during The Great War

Women granted the right to vote in Federal elections in 1917
In Quebec women met with more resistance

The Catholic Church exerted much control over government
Quebec was the last province to grant women the right to vote in provincial elections (1942)
The Valiant 5

The "Persons Case" changed the status of women
Led by Emily Murphy

challenged Canadian Law in Edwards v. Canada (1929)
During the Depression these ideas lead to the emergence of new political parties
the CCF eventually becomes the NDP
Tommy Douglas is considered to be the father of Health Care in Canada
A few months later 73
million Americans watched this
What is the difference between French Canadian Nationalism of the 1900s to Quebec Nationalism of the mid 20th Century?
God Bless America for stuff like this
Designed to reinforce Ultramontanism
A private business should always focus on the good of the community
Socialism did have a place for private industry but:
500 million people around the world watched this
Loretta Lynn
"One's on The Way/The Pill (1971)
Full transcript