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Editorial Cartoons

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by

Laura Randazzo

on 24 February 2017

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Transcript of Editorial Cartoons

Editorial Cartoons
More than words...
Just like writers,
artists
can persuade an audience.
For example,
This well-known political cartoon by Benjamin Franklin
was first published in his Pennsylvania Gazette on May 9, 1754. It's widely believed to be the first editorial cartoon in America.
What point do you think Franklin was trying to make?
Editorial cartoonists use many techniques
to deliver their messages.
Today, we'll discuss four of these.
1. Symbolism

An image in a cartoon that stands for something else
What do you notice?
This political cartoon from Puck magazine's Joseph Keppler in 1881 illustrates the dangers of a monopoly in the economy.

A snake symbolizes business leaders who've taken possession of the
U.S. capitol, threatening Lady Liberty.

Puck, the magazine's namesake, appears as a child and symbolizes an innocent nation, asking Uncle Sam, "What are you going to do about it?"
Oh, snap! Keppler even
includes the names of prominent businessmen
on the stripes of the snake.
2. Exaggeration

An artist might overly emphasize the physical characteristics of a person or thing to make a point.
Caricature
and
stereotyping
are also used, often for
comedic effect.
What do you notice?
In July 1916, an American journal, The Masses, published Robert Minor's cartoon.

Using exaggeration, Minor criticizes the Army's lack of respect for front-line soldiers during
World War I, a war Minor and fellow Socialists opposed.
3. Labeling

To ensure clarity, editorial cartoonist often label items to help the reader.
Pay attention to what the artist decides is noteworthy.
What do you notice?
In July 1871, The New York Times exposed corruption by Tammany Hall, a political organization run by William "Boss" Tweed. The Times had evidence that the Tweed Ring stole more than $6 million of taxpayer's money through inflated payments and extortion.

Artist Thomas Nast created this famous cartoon of Tweed and his partners standing in a circle with each member denying blame by pointing to the next man.

Labeling is effectively used here to ensure readers know who's who in the scandal.
Upon seeing the cartoon, Boss Tweed reportedly exclaimed, "I don't care a straw for your newspaper articles; my constituents don't know how to read, but they can't help seeing them [blasted] pictures!"
4. Analogy

A comparison between two things to emphasize a larger point. By describing a complex situation in more familiar terms, the artist helps the audience see the issue through a fresh lens.
What do you notice?
Published in July 1870, this cartoon by an unknown artist appeared just three years after Canada officially became a country in 1867.

In this analogy, Canada is depicted as a child, with Great Britain (Mother Britannia) holding out her loving arms. The United States (Uncle Sam) stands ready to catch the child if he stumbles.
4 Tools of Persuasion:
1. Symbolism
2. Exaggeration
3. Labeling
4. Analogy

Now let's see how some
modern editorial cartoonists
use these tools of
persuasion.
New England
Pennsylvania
New York
New
Jersey
Maryland
Virginia
North Carolina
South
Carolina
Editorial Cartoonists'
Full transcript