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Transcript of Ancient Eygpt
Spiritual and Religious Beliefs
Influence On The Modern World Culture Leader of Government - Pharaoh
Type of Government - Dictatorship
Taxes were payed by labor and Goods
Laws were taken very seriously
The Government became successful because people believed that the Pharaoh was a living god. History Written and Oral Language Learning and teaching -leader to Ancient Egypt
-also known as a king
-lead the citizens to the right path
-punished citizens of Egypt who were not ordering rules Name of writing: Hieroglyphics
How it developed?
simple signs easy to read
scribes developed more signs
developed 3100 B.C/ 3200 B.C Forms of writing: Hieroglyphics,Hieratic,Demotic
Rosetta stone: key to the forgotten language of Ancient Egypt
Who discovered the Rosetta Stone?
group of french soldier
discovered in 1799 Learned and taught: scribes
How was it read?
Hieratic and Demotic was read/written from right to left
Hieroglyphics was read/written from right to left and left to right Top: Ancient Egypt
Bottom: Greek Ancient Egyptian wrote on papyrus reeds. The reeds were flatted dried and stuck together to make pages.
They used it for scribe school, tomb walls, temples, at war and in the government.
They had no vowels in their language.
Learned more than 3000 symbols and characters
First use of writing in 3150 ca Religious and Spiritual Beliefs Pharaohs Figures -very special to Egyptians
-had many in the city
-some used to ward off evil
-most famous ones are in Giza
-known as The Great Pyramids Of Giza
-many figures were pyramids
-pyramids were used for burial tombs for pharaohs -pharaohs
-gods and goddesses Death Ceremony -the death ceremony also known as (mummification) was a long process for the body of the pharaoh
- done because they wanted the pharaoh to rest peacefully in the after world
-had many steps to it
-very serious process
-everything had to be done right God of Ancient Egypt -had many gods and respected each one of them
-most important god was the sun god Ra
-believed in Ra the most
-had many ceremonies to honor Ra
-most famous goddess was Isis
-the first ever god was Atem
-believed he created everything in the world
-over 1000 gods in Ancient Egypt Daily Life A lot of the daily life revolved around the Nile River
Lived in houses made of Mud bricks
they traded in the villages for food and other goods they could not produce
Most common jobs were farmers, scribes Beliefs Believed in afterlife
Gods & Goddesses Pyramids Built to protect the body of the decreased Pharaoh
Have About 80 pyramids
Farmers worked on pyramids during flood season because their fields would be under water
the top block would be either gold or electrum
The word "pyramid" comes the the Greek word "pyramis" which means " wheat cake" Temples Made of stones so that they can last forever
Walls are covered with scenes that were carved onto the stone then brightly painted
Scenes showed the Pharaoh fighting in battles & performing rituals with the gods & goddesses Influence On The
Modern World Egypt's magnificent stone buildings, pyramids and temples
The original pyramids serve the mathematical skill of the Egyptians, including Pythagoras
Papyrus is an early form of paper made from the stems of the papyrus plant
Many modern inventions such as steel, concrete, glue
Their distinct social class, their exceptional government, and their strong belief in religion Language Government Table of contents Table of Content Quiz Time Duty's of the pharaoh -directed the civil administration
-commanded and controlled the army
-made new laws if necessary
-ordered tax collection -started in 3150 BCE-31 BCE
-emerged when Egypt needed a ruler
-were many pharaohs
- each did something good to keep Egypt in peace -ended when Roman discovered Egypt
-Romans ended Egypt King Tutankhamen -was pharaoh at age of nine
-ended as pharaoh at age of nineteen
-died because of leg infection
-famous because of tomb being discovered Recreation/Leisure Activities: celebration by rich families
parties like ours
many guests, lots of food
entertainment-musicians play music
hunting for sport,
music as a pastime,
animals hunted-water birds, deer, gazelle’s, antelope, hares, and ostriches.
common hunting weapons -bows and arrows, lassos, and throwing sticks. Hunting for whole family. The ancient Egyptians loved music. Usually noblemen held parties where women would dance and musicians played there instruments. Some of the instruments that the musicians would play at these parties were harps and flutes.
Ancient Egyptians loved water and loved playing with the water. That was no surprise though because they had the Nile River and the climate there was so hot. A game they played on the river was jousting. I don’t know if that’s what the game was called but it sounds like jousting to me. The object of the game was that there were 2 or 3 men in a boat and each of them had poles. Both boats would be heading straight for each other and then they would try to get the other team into the water with their poles. Sounds like fun to me! Egyptians were also very good swimmers
Royal/noble kids would often take swimming lessons just like kids now days would
Ma’at: Ma’at was the goddess of truth, justice and harmony
She was the daughter of the sun god Ra and the sister of the air god Shu. Her husband was the moon god, and his name was Thoth. She also had 8 kids with Thoth. Ma’at has long outstretched wings and has what seems to be an ostrich feather on her head. People believe that her teachings are what made Egyptians better people. Traditions Education
learned the life skills that they need to help their parents
mostly wealthy families went to school
common type of education was the one given to scribes
Most girls stayed home and helped their mothers