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Economy & Development: The 1st Occupants

Economic Activities of the 1st Nations Before European Contact
by

John Panetta

on 11 November 2015

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Transcript of Economy & Development: The 1st Occupants

Economy & Development
The 1st Occupants
Once again think of
What is Economics?
It is the study of how people in a society acquire resources
what they Need
what they Want

Economic activities include:
1. Exploitation
in primitive economies it is hunting & gathering
in complex industrial economies it is the primary sector
2. Production
in primitive economies it is arts and crafts
in complex industrial economies it based on mass production
3. Trading or Bartering
exchanging surplus goods for those that are scarce
4. Purchasing
the use of a common form of currency to acquire goods and services
M
I
S
S
atriarchy
roquois
edentary
outh
P
A
N
N
atriarchy
lgonquian
omadic
orth
Fortin, S., Ladouceur, M., Larose, S., & Rose, F. (2009).
Panoramas. Montreal: Graficor.

Charette, J., Daniel, M., Dujardin, L. and Vigneault, P. (2009). A Question of History. Anjou: CEC.

The Maliseet adopted a nomadic lifestyle due to climate
Trade networks

Horguelin, C., Ladouceur, M., Lord, F. and Rose, F. (2011).
Panoramas. Montreal: Graficor.

Not all tribes could meet their needs through their principal activities
How could they compensate for lack of resources?
Bartering of items between tribes
surplus corn for surplus pelts
Notice that the networks are located along river systems
Trade networks were extensive
How do we know?
The French Regime
1600-1760

The British Regime
1760-1867
The Contemporary Period
Climate determined distribution of natural resources
temporary but unexpected environmental changes
drought
floods
diseases that affected big game animals
Full transcript