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"On Being Brought from Africa to America" Phillis Wheatley 1
Transcript of "On Being Brought from Africa to America" Phillis Wheatley 1
Event: Wheatley's first published poem in 1770
"Lynch Law in America"
Ida Wells-Barnett (1900)
Event: 1911 Lynching of Laura Nelson
Salt of the Earth
Herbert Biberman (1954)
Interview with Yolanda Nava
Michelle Moravec (1989)
Event: 1973 First CMF conference was held in Santa Barbara
"A long Story"
Beth Brant (1988)
Event: 1819 Civilization Fund Act gave funding to areas that had schools that promoted Native American assimilation
"Dyke March, San Francisco"
Happy Hyder (2004)
Event: 2004 San Francisco Dyke March
This Bridge Called my Back
Cherrie Moraga, Gloria Anzaldua (1981)
Event: 1981 Publishing of
This Bridge Called my Back
The theme of my feminist history timeline is personal empowerment. I chose events and sources that inspired me to be a better feminist or transformed my feminist perspective. As a young feminist I aim to be as inclusive and open minded as possible and with all of my women’s studies classes and being so close to graduating, it is easy for me to think that my feminism or feminist perspective is secure and grounded in the appropriate feminist theory and understandings. I am extremely confident in my understanding of feminism, but what I want to show through this timeline is how tracing events on the outskirts of feminist history is still transforming my feminism and inspiring me to do better feminist work. What can be shown through this timeline is how even as inclusive as I try to be and am encouraged to be through women’s studies courses, historical examples of exclusion or action from the excluded still pushes my perspective open even wider.
Events that Shape my Feminism
The poem sounds like Wheatley is thankful for being captured and sold into slavery as it has brought her to God as a Christian. She might also be thankful for her specific situation where she was still able to learn to read, write and publish her work which was something white women didn't even do at the time. She contributes so much to my feminism in that she accomplished something that seemed like an impossibility. As feminists we all have high expectations and goals and lives like Wheatley's shows us that new, unexpected things can happen.
This article calls out the unjust murder and violence against black people in America at the time and explains how it is justified by protecting white women from black men and how black women are also violate and murdered in the process. Ida Wells-Barnett contributes strength and courage to my feminism by encouraging me to call out and explain the wrongs that are happening in my community. For Wells-Barnett, this was not history, it was happening and she had the courage to write about it and document how women's sexuality was so controlled that it was an acceptable justification for murder.
Event: 1939 Under the leadership of Luisa Moreno, El Congreso Nacional del Pueblo de Habla
Hispana (The National Congress of Spanish Speaking Peoples) was founded
Salt of the Earth is a movie that documents the struggles of Mexican miners unionizing while also depicting the struggles of the Mexican women married to the miners and their struggles to voice their needs. This movie is inspiring to my feminism and shows how organizing is an important part of creating change.
The interview with Yolanda Nava gave us a documented account of an overview of Nava's life including her perspective on the activist work she has done in multiple organizations.
Yolanda Nava's interview gives me the perspective of what it would be like to make a career out of activism. What inspires me is her perspective on activism and how she does not allow her work to help other to be tied down to a specific ideology. What seems to be important to her is helping those in her community in any way. This shows me how ideology does not have to be concrete but can be ever changing and encourages me to keep an open mind.
This story is about two Native American women who lose their children for being who they are, one for just being Native American and practicing their culture and the other for being a lesbian.
This story might not seem to tie closely into feminism besides the aspect of motherhood, but it shines a light on how Native American women as a group of people who have suffered from American culture and in that way it broadens my ideas of feminism.
Hyder's speech at the Dyke March calls out racism toward Arabs in the U.S. and then goes on to explain how her belly dancing is part of her identity and how it fits with her feminism and sexual identity. This speech and statements after gives me a different perspective on part of community that I identify with as she shows me how belly dancing can be a queer feminist act broadening my understand of both queer and feminist communities.
This book is an anthology filled with women of color telling their stories and making connections between their oppressions and thereby bridging a divide between race and gender along with other gaps that must be bridged.
This book must be included in my feminism as it inspires so much of my thoughts and feelings as a feminist, but also because it is part of a string of events that allowed women of color to create their own feminism and theories that are practiced and taught to all feminists. The women of this collection inspire me to be a better feminist and to create knowledge.
"I Am a Woman Again"
Gladys Bentley (1952)
Event: 1952 Bentley's article was published in Ebony
Hal Fischer (1977)
Event: 1977 Anita Bryant's campaign to repeal local Dade County ordinance that banned discrimination based on sexual orientation
Claude Cahun and Marcel Moore (1930)
Event: World War II
"Black Trans Bodies are Under attack"
Event: Jan 2014 Cece McDonald released from prison
Intersectionality: The Double Bind of Race and Gender Kimberle Crenshaw (2004)
Event: 1989 Coining the term Intersectionality
"Framed: Butches, Mannish Lesbians and Female Masculinity 1920's"
Well of Loneliness
In Bentley's article they declare their womanhood again after having a long and successful career as a male impersonator and an out lesbian pianist. Although for some it may seem like Bentley was going back in the closet and only trying to make life easier, which would be justified considering it being the McCarthy era, but they were able to document their life and struggle within the article showing how difficult their journey must have been as they describe in the beginning of the article how society is not accepting to the point of suicidal thoughts. This action is something that is inspiring and must be recognized within my feminism.
This is a photographic study of gay male signifiers and their meaning within the gay male community.
This gives a different perspective on the gay rights movement and how although there was a political movement it was still necessary to be cautious and use signifiers to communicate with other gay men. This shows how a different angle or visual can help with understanding more of the dynamics of an issue.
Acting out is a series of self portraits most of which are of cross-dressing or in costume created by Cahun and Moore and reflected their intimate relationship. This series is important and tied to history because while living in Paris during WWII a majority of their work was destroyed and they were both prisoners of war for resisting against the war. Not only are they inspiring queer artists in an unaccepting time, but they also turn into activists against the war
This video shows trans activist Laverne Cox and Cece McDonald expressing the injustices that are being put on transwomen of color by using Cece's story of being arrested after killing a man that was harassing and threatening her on the street and then being put into a men's prison. What's important about this moment is that an underrepresented demographic is being heard and noticed. As part of the queer community, this is important for my feminism because these are the people in my community that can use the privilege that I have.
This is an interview with Kimberle Crenshaw describing how she came up with the idea of intersectionality and her own experiences with discrimination. This theory is the backbone and inspires all of my feminism and it is important to acknowledge Crenshaw and the long line of black feminists who connected the theoretical dots to get to the point of this theory.
This is an analysis of photographs taken in the 1920's of masculine females focusing on the way that they dress and the relationship between themselves and feminine women with them in the photograph. As this seems to be part of my identity, it is inspiring and important to look back at how female masculinity has always been around through all the prejudice and alienation so that I can see how it has changed over time or ways in which I still identify.