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The so-called right to be forgotten: meaning, scope and boundaries within the European Proposal for a General Data Protection Regulation

keynote at the Workshop on "right to be forgotten: ethical considerations", Joint Research Centre, Ispra, 11-12 november 2012

Pere Simón

on 10 November 2012

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Transcript of The so-called right to be forgotten: meaning, scope and boundaries within the European Proposal for a General Data Protection Regulation

The so-called right to be forgotten: meaning, scope and boundaries within the European Proposal for a General Data Protection Regulation Workshop on Right to Be Forgotten: Ethical Considerations
Joint Research Centre - European Commission
Ispra, 12-13 november 2012 Pere Simón Castellano
Junior Research Fellow
Constitutional Law- University of Girona
Email: pere.simon@udg.edu
Twitter: @pere_simon
www.peresimon.com <1> Meaning The right to be mistaken and make a fresh start Anonymization of judgments and court decisions Erasure of criminal records The principle of fault liability Amnesty Human dignity and the right to free development of one's personality Personal identity Civilian Legal Tradition Common Law Legal Tradition Full transparency of criminal records and Court rulings, even through Internet An agreement point A right to delete personal data when they are no longer needed in relation to the purposes for which they were collected and the abstention from further dissemination of such data <2> Non-absolute right Boundaries and legitimate purposes Historical, statistical and scientific research purposes Reasons of public interest in the area of public health Freedom of information Freedom of speech Proportionate legal obligation Transparency principle Data retention is allowed Freedom of information Public Interest Veracity, accuracy and truthfulness Traditional criteria Proportionality principle specific criteria for cyberspace It is irrelevant <3> Public interest expires updated Expiration of public interest News: there was a militants irregular affiliation to a political party in order to help one of the candidates who is aspiring to lead it The online publication of the membership list can prove the irregularly affiliation to this political party and thus give credibility to the news The informational purpose disappears as time goes by fine or penalty Governmental pardon <4> Liability of search engines, official journals and digital newspapers archives Not all personal data published in the official journals and the digital newspapers archives are covered by freedom of information abiding / temporary right to be forgotten vs. freedom of speech right to be forgotten vs. updated public interest Court of Justice of the European Union "It is necessary to bear in mind that the institutions are obliged to balance, before disclosing information relating to a natural person, the European Union’s interest in guaranteeing the transparency of its actions and the infringement of the rights recognised by Articles 7 and 8 of the Charter. No automatic priority can be conferred on the objective of transparency over the right to protection of personal data, even if important economic interests are at stake"
Judgment of 9 November 2010 - C-92/09 and C-93/09 La web de la DGT y el Tablón Edictal de Sanciones de Tráfico (TESTRA) Privacy by design or by default Artículos 10 y 15 de la Llei 29/2010, del 3 d'agost, de l'ús dels mitjans electrònics al sector públic de Catalunya
Functional redesign of the system of publication of the acts of the plenary sessions of local authorities in the electronic form Freedom of information, and other legitimate interests that may act as a limitation of the right to be forgotten, never justify the disclosure of the incidental and irrelevant information (personal data) for the specific case Protecting what is essential and relevant the controller shall, both at the time of the determination of the means for processing and at the time of the processing itself, implement appropriate technical and organisational
measures and procedures in such a way that the processing will ensure the protection of the rights of the data subject Digital newspapers archives The proposal for a General Data Protection Regulation points out the data controllers in origin who shall be considered responsible also for
later publications of that data <Conclusions> Different scope of the right to be forgotten depending to the juridical tradition Non-absolute right Balance specific criteria for 2.0 spaces: updated public interest and proportionality principle Balance in origin Restraint liability on the second or third processing of personal data Privacy by design or by default Simón Castellano, Pere. El régimen constitucional del derecho al olvido digital. València: Tirant lo blanch, 2012: http://bit.ly/zrBKsf Simón Castellano, Pere. El derecho al olvido en el universo 2.0. BID: textos universitaris de biblioteconomia i documentació, no. 28, june 2012, online: http://www.ub.edu/bid/28/simon2.htm
Keynote audio: Simón Castellano, Pere. El carácter relativo del derecho al olvido en la red y su relación con otros derechos, garantías e intereses legítimos, CEPC, Madrid, 2012, online: http://goo.gl/jpu90 Simón Castellano, Pere. The right to be forgotten under European Law: a Constitutional debate. Lex Electronica vol. 16 no. 2, winter 2012, online: http://www.lex-electronica.org/docs/articles_300.pdf Simón Castellano, Pere. El encaje constitucional del derecho al olvido digital en perspectiva comparada. Datospersonales.org, no. 54, online: http://bit.ly/zrBKsf bibliography
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