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Judicial Branch

This website will focus on the Judicial Branch for a 11th grade American Government Class.

Blake Sim

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of Judicial Branch

Double click anywhere & add an idea THE FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM Article III Section I of
the Constitution US district courts There are 94 US District Courts Every state has at least
one district court They here two different
kinds of cases: Civil Criminal cases dealing with disputes between
individuals and/or organizations, in which
compensation may be awarded to the victim involves prosecution by the government
of a person for an act that has been
classified as a crime In many cases, the judge
determines issues of law,
while the jury (or judge sitting
without a jury) determines
findings of fact. US Circuit Courts of Appeal There are 13 Courts in the US These courts are divided into
12 regional circuits that sit in various cities around the country The 13th Court sits in Washington, D.C. These courts examine the trial record for only mistakes of law the facts have already been determined by the US District Court these courts usually sit on a panel
of three judges US SUPREME COURT The court is made up of 9 judges Known as Justices How does a court case get here? When parties who are not satisfied with the decision of a US Circuit Court of Appeal or District Court or a state supreme court can petition for Writ of Certiorari which is basically a letter to the Supreme Court asking for another trial The court only sees a limited number of cases per year If the Court feels the reasons for another trial are reasonable, then they will hear the case fyi - the court hears between 100 and 150 cases per year
the court receives some 7,000 plus requests for a trial These requests are called????? Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. Justice John Paul Stevens Justice Antonin Scalia Justice Anthony Kennedy Justice Clarence Thomas Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg Justice Stephen Breyer Justice Samuel Anthony Alito Justice Sonia Sotomayor These Justices are nominated by the President They are confirmed by the "advice consent" (majority vote) of the Senate The Supreme Court is primarily an appellate court
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