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A brief history of Calligraphy
Transcript of A brief history of Calligraphy
The first known communications between people were simply cave drawings that were used to represent something else. Stone Age Egypt Egyptians played a vital role in developing early communications with hieroglyphics in about 3600 B.C. These symbols were used on the tombs of the pharaohs and were held to be very sacred. Phoenicians created what is believed to be the first writing systems around 1000 B.c. They were the sea faring type which passed their talents to nearly every port in the Mediterranean. Rome The Greeks were influenced by the Phoenicians and developed their own kind of writing by 850 B.C.
These writings were adapted for the Latin Language When the Latin Calligraphy reached Europe in the Middle ages, Monks were about the only literate members of society.
Because paper was expensive to make during this time, Monks invented a new style of Calligraphy which allowed them to write more characters into a smaller space.
The style of Calligraphy is still used today, you might have seen, heard of or used it through various media forms. China 3000 B.C. Calligraphy, known as "Shodo" considered the highest art form at this time. There are 5 styles of Chinese Calligraphy, or Shodo:
Each style has been changed and transformed over time.
Masters and practitioners in each dynasty enriched the styles and structures with their emotions and artistic flare. Zuan Style Li Style Tsao Style Hsin Style Kai Style The mystery of when Calligraphy started in China has intrigued linguists and scholars, however, the mystery remains on when Calligraphy started first appearing in China.
Imperial China has some forms of Calligraphy dating back to 200 BC. These earliest forms of Calligraphy do not stem from a mature language, and are not considered to be a readable form of literacy rather they are considered to be a cultural and artistic form of expression.
Chinese History of Calligraphy is vast and complicated and as such, will not be examined in-depth in this presentation. From China, the roots of Japanese Calligraphy and Korean Calligraphy can be traced Korean Calligraphy Japanese Calligraphy Meanwhile, over in Europe .... Based on the Gothic style of the monks, Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press 100 years after this point, Artistic penmanship was in sharp decline. Although the printing press made writing easier for some, Italians during this time were developing Italian Script, known today as Italics. Italics today Italics then ... makes me think stone age for some reason. It was called : Gothic. India Early Indian Calligraphy: 250 -ish BC Asoka's edicts were committed to stone.
Following the Asoka style of Indic writing, two new types of calligraphy appeared, Karosti
Brahmi So, that is just some of the known history of calligraphy. This presentation didn't even breech the history of Kufic, Nepalese, Persian, Sini, Tibetan, or Mongolian styles of Calligraphy. Calligraphy was disappearing at a rapid pace after the creation of the Ball-point pen.
In the mid-19th century a flat edged pen was reintroduced by an artist, William Morris, who elevated the act of writing to the art form it had once been. then: now: