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Feminism and Being a Male
Transcript of Feminism and Being a Male
On Being Male
Shane Koyczan: The Bullied and the Beautiful
What is it to be male?
How are men and women traditionally represented in literature?
How are female voices silenced or overshadowed, particularly in comparison to male voices?
What do these representations and implications say about how gender roles function, both in the past and presently?
It uses a scale from 0, meaning exclusively heterosexual, to 6, meaning exclusively homosexual.
Pressures to Live Up to Expectations
the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes
it does not state that one sex is superior or inferior to another
argues that men's liberation is a necessary part of feminism as they are harmed by sexism and gender roles
Second Wave (1960s- 1980s)
:the movement's undercurrent began post-WWII
:harshly criticized for being a white woman's movement that catered to the middle-class
:focused on de facto cultural impacts (sexuality, body image, etc)
:Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystic and the writings of Gloria Steinem pushed for gender reform much to the dismay of conservatives
First Wave (1848-1920)
:focused on de jure rules; whereby, suffrage and civil rights were key characteristics that defined this movement
:ended with the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920 granting women the right to vote
:other aims included property rights for women and protection against abusive husbands
Three Different Waves
with their own subcategories
(1965) Supreme Court overturned a Connecticut law prohibiting the use of contraceptives on the grounds that it violated the "right to marital privacy"
Equality for all means no special privileges for any
Women's bodies as weapons
Women being seen as soldiers not women
Women being biologically different from men
Simone de Beauvoir,1940s, women are perceived as "second sex" or "other" in the patriarchal society; enforced by gender norms and expectations
Leads to Betty Friedan's The Second Sex, which criticizes mainstream images of women
The Cult of Domesticity
3rd Wave Feminism
:in reaction to the homogeneity of 2nd Wave Feminism, it was more culturally aware and less economically strident
:allowed women to embrace "artificial" femininity; there is no singular concept of a "feminist"
3rd wavers strongly chastised 2nd wave feminism for it's sometimes aggressive, singular stances
Is this fair? Why?
Second Wave Feminism
Main Objective: Challenged gender norms redefine the modern woman; worked within the current system
Women's Liberation Movement
A branch of Second Wave feminism;
Radical feminism views patriarchy as dividing rights, privileges and power primarily by gender, and as a result oppressing women and privileging men;
*Sought change by completely undermining the system by calling for a restructuring of society
Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification
Equal Rights Amendment
Griswold v. Connecticut
Roe v. Wade
SC ruled a right to privacy under the due process clause of the 14th Amendment
allowed women to have an abortion within the first trimester, thereafter there must be an immediate danger to baby or mother
the state's two legitimate interests in regulating abortions: protecting prenatal life and protecting women's health
outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women
prohibits sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
Tall, dark, and handsome with a side of sexy, dash of charming, and covered in an order of cunning wit
How often does that occur?
(2001) Lifetime Prevalence of Incarceration
In 2011, Men had almost 800,000 cosmetic procedures, 9% of the total
The number of cosmetic procedures for men increased over 121% from 1997
American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Top 5 Surgeries:
It's Great to be a Male...
You're more likely to die younger.
You're more likely to be assaulted.
You're more likely to commit suicide.
You're more likely to have "impulse control disorders".
You're more likely to waste money.
(DHHS) Even after accounting for the greater number of females as primary caretakers of children, women still tend to commit more child abuse, neglect and homicide.
In 2004, males were almost 10 times more likely than females to commit murder, including rape-homicides. However, men are also far more likely than women to be the victims of violent crime, with the exception of rape
Create a Chart
Center: Your word
Top Left: Society's definition of the word
Top Right: Historical or cultural examples
Bottom Left: What the word doesn't mean
Bottom Right: What it should mean (your definition)
Feminist Man Woman Pimp Alpha Man-up
Ladies, which do you prefer?
A or B?
A or B?
A or B?
Men are not immune to rape.
According to the U.S. Department of Justice's National Crime Victimization Survey --there is an average of 207,754 victims (age 12 or older) of rape and sexual assault each year. This means that 1 sexual assault or rape case happens every 2 minutes.
97% are committed against females; 3 percent against men, or just over 6,200 cases per year.
It is also grossly under reported. The USDJ estimates that for men approx. 93,000 are raped.
Percentage of actual estimated false rape reports in any given year according to research studies: 2-8 percent
:Reasons: revenge; free abortion; covering up truancy, pregnancy, infidelity, lost money, sexual precocity.
Men think about sex almost 19 times per day; women think about it nearly 10 times per day. (OSU)
“Effects of Solicitor Sex and Attractiveness on Receptivity to Sexual Offers: A Field Study” by Nicolas Guéguen
In an experiment, the scientists found that when men were approached by "gorgeous" female strangers in the street, 97 percent agreed to go back to their apartments while 83 percent said yes to instant sex.
However, when average-looking girls asked the question, 80 percent of men agreed to go back for a drink while 60 percent immediately agreed to a romp.
Testosterone peaks at age 18 in men; women's estrogen hits its high point in their mid-20s.
But the risk is low. Only 1 percent of all people who check out Internet porn will become addicted. Interestingly, 38 percent of addicts are married. (Cornell Medical School)
Average age range is 12-24; mean is 14.
Less than 10 percent female.
Being jumped/beat in
Sexed in (females)
National Gang Center
Breaking down a word and understanding the evolution of it via socio-historical analysis
Feminist criticism strives to address the following concerns:
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott*
Definitions to Know
Private Sphere: the home (aka the kitchen)
Public Sphere: politics/business (aka what was considered a man's world)