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Tara Storm

on 19 November 2018

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Transcript of Sleep

Unit 3B: Sleep and Dreams
Sleep Disorders
Gallery walk!
Biological Cycles
As humans, we have different cycles that are important for different biological functions.

Annual Cycles:
seasonal variations (bears hibernation, geese migrate, seasonal affective disorder)
28 day cycles:
menstrual cycle.
24 hour cycle:
circadian rhythm
90 minute cycle:
sleep cycles.

Sleep Stages
There are 5 identified stages of sleep.
It takes about 90-100 minutes to pass through the 5 stages.
The brain’s waves will change according to the sleep stage you are in.
The first four stages are known as NREM sleep..
The fifth stage is called REM sleep.
Circadian Rhythm
Circadian rhythms
are created within us, although they can be modulated by external cues such as sunlight and temperature.

Body temperature & awareness
changes throughout the day.

-It is best to take a test or study during your
circadian peaks

-Bright lights help reset our biological clocks

Sunday night insomnia
- staying up late Friday & Saturday and not being able to sleep on Sunday night.
Why do we sleep?
Theory #1
Ecological Niche: back in the day, darkness meant death, those that slept did not go out, thus did not die. Sleep protects us.
Sleep helps us recuperate and restores the breakdown of our body.
During Sleep, our brain is active repairing the and reorganizing itself and consolidating memories. Sleep is food for the brain.
Reading Activity:
1. Read about the sleep stages.
2. Fill in the graphic organizer about the sleep stages.
Theory #2
Table of Contents
Page 36: Sleep
Page 37: Sleep Stages Table
Page 38: Dreams

Dream Theories
Interpretation of Dreams Reading
1. Find a partner.
2. Read Part I together.
3. Answer Part I questions.

Repeat for Part II and Part III.
Manifest v. Latent Content
Manifest content:
-The storyline of our dreams
-Often traces the previous day's experiences
Latent content:
-Unconscious motives and drives
-"meaning" of our dreams
Why do we dream? Three main theories.
Wish Fulfillment
Activation Synthesis
Information Processing
●Dreams are the
key to
understanding our
inner conflicts.
● Ideas and
thoughts that are
hidden in our
● Manifest and
latent content
●Dreams act to sort
out and
understand the
memories that you
experience that
● REM sleep does
increase after
stressful events.
●During the night
our brainstem
releases random
neural activity,
dreams may be a
way to make sense
of that activity
Table should look like...
Pop Quiz
Apply this to your own dreams!
1. Create a fold-able.
2. Using the fold-able, analyze your dreams with TWO of the theories theories.
3. See board for details.
4. Please keep the dreams PG-13!
Full transcript