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Social, Legal and ethical effects of computers on society

discuss changing trends in computer use and their economic, social, legal and ethical effects on society. explain changes to society brought about by the use of computer systems e.g. in changing leisure patterns and work expectations.

Matthew Prentice

on 22 March 2011

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Transcript of Social, Legal and ethical effects of computers on society

Social, Legal and Ethical effects of computers on society Page 107 - 109 of textbook Forrester forecasts worldwide
PC numbers to hit 2 billion by 2015 Given that the first mainstream public computer was released in the 1970's There are more computers in homes than there are refrigerators or baths! There is still a large proportion of the population who do not have access to a computer
on a regular basis or at all. However these people are still affected by the
use of computers and the internet These people on both sides of the divide also have affected their social lives and the social lives of others. In Favour: The use of computers can automate many
processes meaning more time to socalise This can make a job much more efficient Due to the efficiency there is greater competition And can create new jobs due to the competition Against Computing
in Society Can cause greater stress level due to the greater flow of information New skills are needed to be able to keep a job Less personal privacy as personal documents can be accesed online aslong as the computer is connected to the internet That is extraordiary!! Computer Misuse Act 1990 Intended to secure digital material against unauthorised access or modification Data Protection Act 1998 The Regulations of the processing of information relating to individuals, including the obtaining, holding, use or disclosure of such information Many Laws have been put in place or adapted to cover computers and the use of them. For example . . . Obscene Publications Act 1959 Protection of Children Act 1999 Criminal Justice Act 1998 Telecommunications Act 1984 To provide for the protection of literature; and to strengthen the law concerning pornography online To creat a list of persons considered unsiutable to work with children and give more power to the Education Reform Act 1988. To make it an offence to be in possession of an indecent photograph of a child; amending Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 in relation to searches, computer data about fingerprints To make provision with respect to wireless telegraphy apparatus and certain related apparatus Le al? Destroying confidentiality means destroying diplomacy. Pointed out flaws in the US Governments policy's Therefore security will be tighter Increased the political gap between many countries "Wikileaks are like peanuts - absolutely addictive, but in the end curiously unsatisfying." BBC News Impoves democracy in the west Presents a more serious possibility of a "war at home" Helps to expose war crimes and gain justice
CD Piracy Authors’ creations are put online against their will " " People don't feel a moral concience when sat infront of a
computer downloading content And so people feel less obliged to pay for content if they can find it for free elsewhere on the web
As seen in the world map above, the majority of net traffic in from America, Australia, Europe and Japan. Effectivly the North South Divide that we learnt about in geography. What Right do we, as the western world, have to dominate the internet with our culture? However as new countries come online they have started uploading their own content. The rise of computer games is also affecting the new generations. This is because the children do not spend as much time developing social skills, which are necessary in later life. Long hours infront of the computer are also a suspect cause of the increase in cases of RSI in young adults The use of computers and technology has also changed the way people have jobs, and how people do their jobs. In poorer, less developed, countries it is perfectly normal to leave education and stay in a single job untill you retire. The same used to happen in europe and the West. However with the rise of computers in the west, it has become easier for one person to be working in an office, and another out in the field researching something And for those two people to easily communicate with each other by the use of mobile computer platforms such as Laptops and Smartphones
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