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Life Before the Civil War

Ch 14-16
by

Margie de Quesada

on 19 May 2015

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Transcript of Life Before the Civil War

The North
Chapter 14
- Industry, travel, communication, and farming expanded during the late 1800s
Chapter 15
- Working conditions were terrible in many factories
- Discrimination and prejudice occurred
People called “nativists” opposed immigration
- unions and strikes
The South
-Economy was mostly agricultural
Slave Codes – rules/laws that slaves had to follow
Early Efforts to End Slavery
Abolitionists
Sojournor Truth and Fredrick Douglass - escaped slaves who gave many speeches
American Colonization Society
Women's Movement
-Lucrecia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized a women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, NY
It wasn't until 1919 that the 19th Amendment was passed which allowed women the right to vote.
Susan B. Anthony - fought for coeducation
Chapter 16
Fugitive Slave Act
Kansas Nebraska Act
Dred Scott Case
Lincoln Douglas Debates
Raid on Harpers Ferry
Election of 1860
Fort Sumter
- required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves
- you were jailed or fined if you helped a slave
- Senator Stephen Douglas makes a proposal for 2 new states
- A big debate occurs over whether they will be a free or slave state
- Decision -> the people living in those territories will vote
Voting Day arrives
Thousands of Missouri people cross the border so that Kansas can be a slave state
Random Fact
Only 1, 500 people lived in Kansas, but 6,000 votes came in
Bleeding Kansas
He ran against John Fremont
- He was an enslaved African whose owner moved to Illinois and he sues for his freedom
Supreme Court Decision
Chief Justice Robert Taney decides that Scott should not have been allowed to sue because he is property and not an American citizen
- A series of debates in Illinois about slavery between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas
- Abolitionist John Brown led a raid on a weapons arsenal in Virginia hoping to start a slave revolt.
- He was easily defeated and hung
- His death sparked a national debate on slavery again
- By the end of the year 6 more states seceded:
Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, Louisiana
The Confederate States of America
- This battle known as the start of the Civil War
4 More states join the Confederacy: Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas
South Carolina secedes from the Union
Jefferson Davis - President
A new Constitution was written to guarantee citizens the right to own slaves
- Confederate officials began seizing branches of the federal mint and military forts
Union refuses to give up the fort. The Confederate Army decides to starve the fort's 100 Soldiers.
Fort Sumter, SC begins running low on supplies and Lincoln sends more
On April 12, 1861; the first shot is fired upon Fort Sumter
The North and the South
Industry
- 3 phases of industrialization:
1. Workers specialize in one specific part
3. Workers use machines to complete the task
2. Factories are built to bring specialized workers together
Transportation
- Clipper ships were invented
- Steam locomotive trains were built
- First one was called Tom Thumb
- Railroads and canals connected the eastern U.S. and transformed the trade industry
Communication
- Samuel Morse invented a machine to send electric signals that contained messages
- Created a code using dots and dashes (known as Morse code)
Farming
Factory Life
- child labor
- Deep South produced cotton, rice and sugarcane
- Upper South grew more tobacco, wheat and vegetables
Spirit of Reform
- they also funded for a group of African Americans to colonize Liberia
- a group of white Northerners who would buy slaves in the South and then free them
Toward Civil War
New capital - Montgomery, AL

Reaper and thresher - invented by Cyrus McCormick
- The demand for more slaves increased due to all of the new farming inventions.
- Domestic slave trade began
- There were very few railroads in the South because the factories were built near rivers or coasts
William Lloyd Garrison - started a newspaper discussing the crimes of slavery called the Liberator
- This is known as "suffrage"
Full transcript