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I Have a Dream

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by

Lin Yuri

on 23 October 2014

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Transcript of I Have a Dream

A demand for equality for all Americans, regardless of skin color
Martin Luther King JR.
Civil rights activist
Awarded a PhD in theology from Boston University in 1955
Organized a peaceful march on Washington, DC in 1963
Received the Nobel Peace Prize.
I Have a Dream
Theme
Rhetorical Technique
Syntax
Discussion Questions
Background
Martin Luther King JR.
Presenters:
Kasey Huang
Yuri Lin
May Zhu


-
Repetition


"But
one hundred years later
, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro still is not free.
One hundred years later
, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled...
One hundred years later
, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty...
One hundred years later
the Negro is still languishing in the corners of America society and finds himself an exile in his own land" (King, 635).

"I have a dream..."
I have a dream...
I have a dream today.
I have a dream that one day...
I have a dream today" (King, 637).

-
Symbolism

"In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to
cash a check
. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a
promissory note
to which every American was to fall heir...It is obvious today that America has
defaulted
on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people
a bad check
, a check which has come back marked "
insufficient funds
" " (King 635).
Parallelism--Anaphora
From every mountainside, let freedom ring!
Let freedom ring from
the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire!
Let freedom ring from
the mighty mountains of New York!
......
(King 638)
"This note was a promise that
all men
would be guaranteed the
inalienable rights
of life,
liberty
, and
the pursuit of happiness
" (King, 635)
-
Metaphor

"This momentous decree came as a great
beacon

light of hope
to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the
flames of
withering
injustice
" (King 635).

"This sweltering
summer
of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating
autumn
of freedom and equality" (King 636).
Encouraging people to a non-violation movement
In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds... We must forever conduct struggle on the
high plane of dignity and discipline
. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into
physical violence
. (King, 636)
What is Martin Luther King's Dream?
Now is the time to rise from the
dark and desolate valley of segregation
to the
sunlit path of racial justice.
(King 635)
Parallelism--Antithesis
(two opposite ideas put together to achieve a contrasting effect)
Vocabulary
momentous
EXAMPLE SENTENCE:
This
momentous

decree
came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering

injustice. (King 635)
of very great significance
decree
a legally binding command or the announcement. refers to the Emancipation Proclamation.

EXAMPLE SENTENCE:
One hundred years later, the Negro is still
languishing
in the corners of American society and finds himself an
exile
in his own land. (King 635)
languish
to be forced to remain and suffer in an unpleasant situation
a person who is expelled from home or country by authority

exile
EXAMPLE SENTENCE:
This
sweltering
summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an
invigorating
autumn of freedom and equality (King 636).
Invigorating
give energy to, make lively; heighten or intensify
Sweltering
excessively hot and humid or marked by sweating and faintness
Based on what you see in the current society, do you think Martin Luther King achieve his dream or not?
(repetition of the beginning of successive clauses)
Full transcript