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Korean Music

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by

Livia Chua

on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of Korean Music

Korean Music over the centuries
Contents
Traditional Korean music
The beginnings of Korean pop music
The turning point
Rise of the Hallyu wave
Traditional Korean Music
Court Music
Folk music
Folk music
~Jeongak
(content)
~Nongak
(content)
~Shinawi
(content)
~Salpuri
(content)
Traditional Korean Music
~Aak
(content)
~Dang-ak
(content)
~Hyang-ak
(content)
The beginnings of Kpop
The turning point
Rise of the Hallyu wave


1940-1960s
1970s
1980s
1990s
Arrival of Western culture
After the liberation from Japanese occupation in 1945, western culture was introduced.
American Forces Korea Network radio started; spreading popularity of western music
The first rock band in Korea was formed in 1962
Korean singers made their debut overseas
Korean Hippie Folk pop
Most of the singers sang for American troops in Korea at that time
Nature of music leaned towards something for self entertainment - mostly among university students
Influenced by the american hippie style in music
Korean government had to ban songs with liberal lyrics regarding the Vietnam war
DJs also started becoming popular, impacting teenage culture
The era of Ballads
The genre became popular after the release of 'You're too far away to get close to' (1985)
Asia Music Forum was launched
Singer's from 5 countries competed and the winner (Cho Yong Pil) became the first singer to perform at the Carnegie hall in New york.
His music included rock, dance, trot and folk pop
The turning point
Aak
Dang-ak
Hyang-ak
Folk music
Court music
Korean folk music is complex and varied, but all forms of it maintains a set of rhythms (called Jangdan) and a set of loosely defined melodic modes.
Pansori
Long vocal and percussive music played by one singer and one drummer
Sometimes misleadingly called a "Korean Opera", a narrator may play the parts of all the characters in a story, accompanied by a drummer
Such performances usually involve audience participation
Many Koreans still enjoy this music
In 2003, it was designated as an intangible cultural property in UNESCO's Memory of the world
The National Theatre of Korea provides monthly opportunities to experience traditional Korean narrative songs or pansori.
Pungmul
Includes drumming, dancing, and singing
Most performances are outdoors, with dozens of performers, all in constant motion
It is rooted in the farming culture
It was originally played as part of farm work, on rural holidays, at other village community-building events, and to accompany shamanistic rituals, mask dance dramas, and other types of performance.
During the late 1960s and 1970s it expanded in meaning and was actively used in political protest during the pro-democracy movement, although today it is most often seen as a performing art.
Sanjo
Literally means 'scattered melodies'
Involves an instrumental solo accompanied by drumming on the janggu, an hourglass-shaped drum
Sanjo was first devised for the gayageum, a string instrument with 12 strings but is now played on all major Korean musical instruments
Sanjo is played without a pause in faster tempos.
It is entirely instrumental music, and includes changes in rhythmic and melodic modes.
The tempos increases in each movement.
The general style is marked by slides in slow movements and rhythmic complexity in faster movements.
Korean court music can be traced to the beginning of the Joseon Dynasty in 1392. It is now rare, except for government-sponsored organisations like The National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts.

There are three types of court music.

One is called Aak, and is an imported form of Chinese ritual music, and another is a pure Korean form called Hyang-ak; the last is a combination of Korean and Chinese influences, and is called Dang-ak.
Aak was brought to Korea in 1116 through a large gift of 428 musical instruments as well as 572 costumes and ritual dance objects from China, a gift to Emperor Yejong of Goryeo from Emperor Huizong of Song.
It remained very popular for a time before dying out. It was revived in 1430, based on a reconstruction of older melodies.
Aak is often labeled as "elegant music" in contrast with other traditional Korean music.
It began as the music that was played during the Korean "Jongmyo Shrine's Jerye Ceremony".
But was later used for other occasions, and as Korean court music, often with lyrics praising the current ruler.
Hyangak, literally "village music," is a traditional form of Korean court music with origins from the Three Kingdoms period (57 BC-668 AD).
It is often accompanied by traditional folk dances of Korea, known as hyangak jeongjae.
These dances are performed in front of audiences—as opposed to the square dance familiar to Westerners, which is primarily for the participants' enjoyment.
Hyangak includes a sort of oboe, called a piri and various kinds of stringed instruments.
The name means "Tang music," and the style was first adapted from the Tang Dynasty Chinese music during the Unified Silla period in the late first millennium.
It was continued through the Goryeo (918-1392) and Joseon (1392-1910) dynasties, when along with hyangak and aak, it was approved as a genre of court music.
Dangak performances were accompanied by Tang-style dances known as dangak jeongjae.
Modern dangak is rarely practiced.
Only two short pieces are known; they are Springtime in Luoyang and Pacing the Void.
The Kim Sisters
Han Dae Soo
Early Korean pop musicians incorporated American popular music styles like rap, rock and techno in their music
In 1992 the emergence of Seo Taiji & Boys paved the way for the "success format" of K-pop songs
By the late 1990s other record labels popped up,(YG Entertainment, DSP Entertainment, JYP Entertainment, and FNC Music)

Seo Taiji & Boys brought a new audience to K-pop: teenagers, which led to the emergence of so-called 'idol bands: young boy and girl bands.
In 1995 South Korea's largest talent agency and record label, SM Entertainment was established
'H.O.T.' is considered as the first K-pop idol boy band, debuted in 1995, followed by bands like Sechs Kies, Fin.K.L, NRG and Shinhwa
Seo taiji and boys
Towards the turn of the 21st century, the K-pop genre began spreading out to other regions of the world as part of the global Korean wave.
Record labels sent groups overseas for tours, conquering southeast Asia to the middle east, south America and Eastern Europe
Several singers released English version of songs to buy the western market but it was only in 2012 when PSY's 'Gangnam Style' led to the breakthrough in mainstream western media.
Some kpop stars you may recognise
H.O.T
Rain - Ninja Assassin

Wonder girls - "Nobody"

Super Junior - "Sorry sorry"

Girls' Generation - first Korean musical appearance on 'Late Show with David Letterman'

The End
Full transcript